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学科主题: 医学
题名:
孤独症与正常儿童幼儿期亲子间分离事件和亲密行为与儿童玩耍方式的差异研究
作者: 梁文英; 安勇博; 丁瞳; 徐新杰; 吕玲; 魏青云; 李黎; 张嵘
关键词: 孤独症 ; 分离事件 ; 亲密动作 ; 玩耍性别偏好 ; Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ; Separation event ; Intimate behavior ; Gender preference for playing
刊名: 中国生育健康杂志
发表日期: 2016
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-878X.2016.05.003
卷: 27, 期:5, 页:408-411
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的:探索孤独症与正常儿童幼儿期经历亲子分离事件和亲密行为及儿童玩耍方式的差异。方法采用病例对照研究的方法,以符合美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册(DSM-IV)孤独症谱系障碍诊断标准的116例孤独症儿童为孤独症组,92例性别匹配的正常发育儿童为正常组。采用自编儿童幼儿期成长环境调查表,对两组儿童入3岁前的成长环境与玩耍方式进行问卷调查。结果孤独症组在“亲子长期分离”(18.1%)、“不与陌生儿童玩耍”(91.4%)、“偏好与异性玩耍”(20.7%)方面均高于正常组(6.5%、32.6%、6.5%),在“亲子间亲密动作”(21.8%)方面低于正常组(47.8%)。孤独症女童幼儿期经历“亲子长期分离”(36.8%)多于孤独症男童(14.4%)。结论孤独症儿童家庭幼儿期经历亲子分离事件更多,并呈现更少亲子间亲密行为,且孤独症女孩家庭更为明显。孤独症儿童与陌生儿童玩耍异常,尤其表现为同性交往下降。 Objective To explore the difference in childhood separation events, intimate parent-child relationship,and playing pattern between autistic children and normal children. Methods In this unconditional case-control study,the case group was composed of 116 children who were diagnosed as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,Fourth Edition (DSM-IV).A total of 92 gender-matched normal children were selected as controls.All the children in the two groups were assessed with self-designed questionnaires about childhood growth environmental factors for children. Results The case group had higher proportion in “separation from parents”(18.1% vs 6.5%),“not play with other children”(91.4% vs 32.6%),and “play with children of the opposite sex”(20.7% vs 6.5%),but lower proportion in “intimate behavior”(21.8% vs 47.8%)than the control group.Girls were more likely to have autism experiences “separation from parents”than boys (36.8% vs 14.4%). Conclusion The families with autistic children had higher proportions of childhood separation event but lower proportion of parent-child intimate behavior,and families with girls are even more obvious.Autistic children also showed an abnormal playing pattern with unknown children,with a decline on playing with the children of the same sex.
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
版本: 出版稿
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/101078
Appears in Collections:北京大学临床研究所_期刊论文

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孤独症与正常儿童幼儿期亲子间分离事件和亲密行为与儿童玩耍方式的差异研究.pdf(726KB)期刊论文作者接受稿限制开放 联系获取全文

作者单位: 1.北京大学医学部临床医学系, 北京,100191
2.北京大学神经科学研究所
3.北京大学医学部幼儿园
4.阳光友谊康复训练中心, 北京,100094
5.五彩鹿儿童行为矫正中心, 北京,100029

Recommended Citation:
梁文英,安勇博,丁瞳,等. 孤独症与正常儿童幼儿期亲子间分离事件和亲密行为与儿童玩耍方式的差异研究[J]. 中国生育健康杂志,2016,27(5):408-411.
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