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学科主题: 外科学
题名:
肘关节外固定架旋转轴的运动学定位方法及可行性评估
作者: 韩巍
答辩日期: 2016-05-24
导师: 王满宜
专业: 外科学
授予单位: 北京大学
授予地点: 北京大学第四临床医学院
学位: 博士
关键词: 肘关节 ; 外固定 ; 旋转中心定位 ; 圆度 ; 共面性
其他题名: A new kinematics method of determining elbow external fixator rotation axis and evaluation of its feasibility
分类号: R687.4
摘要:

目的 利用光学定位系统测量肘关节在屈曲、旋转活动时的运动学数据并进行可视化显示和分析,探索新的肘关节外固定旋转轴的定位方法,并对其可行性进行评估。

方法 利用光学定位系统,采集4位正常成年志愿者、6例Sawbone肘关节模型和2例尸体标本的3个肘关节进行肘关节屈曲活动时的运动学数据,利用最小二乘法拟合肘关节旋转轴线,对运动学数据和拟合结果进行可视化显示;应用标准临床方法对肘关节模型透视下定位旋转轴的出入点,并植入克氏针标记代表旋转轴,对两种方法定位旋转轴的结果进行比较;对2例尸体标本的3个肘关节植入定位克氏针并透视下验证植入结果是否满足临床需求。

结果 每位志愿者5条运动轴线与其平均运动转轴之间的距离偏差均小于3mm,角度偏差均小于5°;两种定轴方法确定的6例肘关节模型旋转轴的入点偏差平均为1.6972 mm,出点偏差平均为1.8383 mm,角度偏差平均为1.3217° 。偏差均很小,在临床实际操作的可接受范围之内;尸体标本克氏针植入后的透视影像显示植入结果可以满足临床需求。

结论 肘关节单次屈曲运动轨迹的圆度及共面性良好,可以把肘关节的屈曲伸直活动视为近似固定轴线的运动。新的定轴方法可以克服传统方法定位的各项弊端,并在准确性上替代传统方法。

英文摘要:

Objective To study a new positioning method of elbow external fixation rotation axis, the kinematic data of elbow joint in flexion are measured by optical positioning system. And visualized display and analysis of the kinematic data are carried out. Also, the feasibility of the method is evaluated.

Methods Four normal adult volunteers, six Sawbone elbow models and three elbows of two cadavers are brought into this experiment. The kinematic data of five elbow flexion are collected respectively by optical positioning system. The rotation axes of elbow joints are fitted by least square method. The kinematic data and fitting results are visually displayed. According to the fitting results, the average moving planes and rotation axes are calculated. Thus, the rotation axes of new kinematic methods are got. By using standard clinical methods, the entrance and exit points of rotation axes of six Sawbone elbow models are located under X-ray. And The Kirschner wires are placed as the representatives of rotation axes using traditional positioning methods. Then, the entrance point deviation, the exit point deviation and the angle deviation of two kinds of located rotation axes are compared. The Kirschner wires are implanted into the three elbows of two cadavers, and verified its accuracy under X-ray.

Result As to four volunteers, the indicators represented circular degree and coplanarity of elbow flexion movement trajectory of each volunteer are both about 1mm. All the distance deviations of the moving axes to the average moving rotation axes of five volunteers are less than 3 mm. All the angle deviations of the moving axes to the average moving rotation axes of five volunteers are less than 5°. As to six Sawbone models, the average entrance point deviations, the average exit point deviations and the average angle deviations of two different rotation axes determined by two kinds of located methods are respectively 1.6972 mm, 1.8383 mm and 1.3217°. All the deviations are very small. They are all in an acceptable range of clinical practice. As to the three elbows of two cadavers, X-ray images after implantation of Kirschner wires show that implantation results can meet the clinical needs.

Conclusion The values represented circular degree and coplanarity of volunteer’s elbow single curvature movement trajectory are very small. The result shows that the elbow single curvature movement can be regarded as the approximate fixed axis movement. The new method can make up the deficiency of the traditional fixed axis method. It can replace the traditional method in accuracy.

语种: 中文
相关网址: 查看原文
内容类型: 学位论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/124758
Appears in Collections:北京大学第四临床医学院_学位论文

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作者单位: 北京大学第四临床医学院

Recommended Citation:
韩巍. 肘关节外固定架旋转轴的运动学定位方法及可行性评估[D]. 北京大学第四临床医学院. 北京大学. 2016.
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