|摘要||目的 了解西藏地区3所院校(西藏大学、西藏民族大学、西藏藏医学院)护理学专业本科教育课程设置情况,为西藏地区护理学专业本科教育课程体系的改革提供参考依据.方法 2016年2—4月,收集3所院校正在实施的护理学专业本科教育培养方案,通过与专业认证标准及相关文献进行横向比较和内容分析,获取课程设置现状并分析异同和不足之处.结果 西藏地区护理本科教育课程设置基本符合专业认证标准,需要适当开设及增加某些课程及学时数;3所院校课程模块占总学时百分比平均为:公共基础课占36.00%,专业基础课占25.66%,专业课占35.16%,人文社会科学课占3.20%.结论 需进一步完善西藏地区护理学专业本科教育课程设置,适当减少公共基础课比例,增加人文社会科学课程比例,在课程设置中突出护理特色及西藏地区特色.
Objective To investigate the curriculum setting of undergraduate nursing education of three universities (Tibet University, Xizang Minzu University, and Tibet Medical College) in Tibet, so as to provide reference foundation for the reform of undergraduate nursing education system in Tibet. Methods Cross-sectional study and content analysis were conducted by collecting ongoing undergraduate nursing education programs from three universities that we referred above and comparing with approval standards and related literature, and then we analyzed similarities and differences as well as deficiencies by obtained current curriculum setting status from February to April 2016.Results The curriculum setting of undergraduate nursing education in Tibet met the professional certification standards, however, it was necessary to increase some courses and the teaching hours of some courses. The average percentage of course modules of three universities in Tibet were given as: 36% for public basic courses, 25.66% for professional basic courses, 35.16% for professional required course, and 3.2% for humanities and social sciences.Conclusions It is recommended to improve the curriculum setting of undergraduate nursing education system in Tibet, reduce the ratio of public basic courses, and increase the ratio of humanities and social sciences. Furthermore, the nursing and Tibetan local features should also be considered in the curriculum setting.|