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学科主题: 感染疾病科
题名:
FibroScan检测与超声检查对肝纤维化程度诊断价值的对比分析
其他题名: A comparative study of FibroScan and B ultrasound in diagnosis of liver fibrosis
作者: 刘玲峰; 陆海英; 于岩岩; 吴赤红; 田秀兰
关键词: 肝硬化 ; 超声检查 ; FibroScan ; 诊断 ; liver cirrhosis ; ultrasonography ; FibroScan ; diagnosis
刊名: 临床肝胆病杂志
发表日期: 2014
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5256.2014.10.018
期: 10, 页:1045-1049
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的:探讨 FibroScan 与超声检查诊断肝纤维化的异同性及关联性。方法以2012年10月-2014年2月就诊于本院的慢性 HBV 感染患者(305例)、慢性 HCV 感染患者(96例)及原发性胆汁性肝硬化(31例)为研究对象,记录患者肝脏弹性值(FS)及腹部 B 超的肝左叶厚、肝右叶厚、门静脉内径、脾厚、脾长、脾静脉内径、肝血管走形指标的检查结果,以及腹水、脂肪肝、胆囊疾病及肝硬化的发生率。采用 Spearman 相关性分析、多重线性回归分析进行 FS 与各项观察指标的相关性检验。不同 FS 值等级间各项指标的比较采用 Kruskal -Wallis H 检验或 Mann -Whitney U 检验。结果FS 值(r =0.249~0.543,P <0.05)及 FS 值等级(r =0.229~0.541,P <0.05)均与肝左叶厚径、脾脏长度和厚度、门静脉内径、脾静脉内径、肝表面光滑度、实质回声、血管走形清晰程度、腹水、肝硬化呈正相关;多重线性回归分析显示肝表面光滑度、肝左叶厚径、腹水、门静脉内径是 FS 值的独立影响因素(t 值分别为5.123,3.703,3.113,2.985,P 值均<0.05);肝脏实质回声增强、增粗、结节状三组患者的 FS 值分别为(9.573±9.490)、(16.339±11.359)、(27.688±18.676)kPa,差异有统计学意义(χ2=98.469,P =0.000)。结论超声检查与 FS 值等级有较好的关联性,但 FibroScan 对肝纤维化的诊断更准确和客观。 Objective To compare the diagnostic performances of FibroScan (FS)and B ultrasound for liver fibrosis and assess the relation-ship between the two methods.Methods The clinical data of 432 patients who were admitted to our institution between October 2012 and February 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.Of them,305 had chronic hepatitis B virus infection,96 had chronic hepatitis C virus infec-tion,and 31 had primary biliary cirrhosis.FS values and parameters measured by B ultrasound including the thickness of left and right liver lobes,the diameter of the portal vein,spleen thickness,spleen length,the diameter of the splenic vein,and variables describing vascular morphology of the liver were recorded.Additionally,the incidence rates of ascites,fatty liver disease,gallbladder diseases,and liver cirrho-sis were also reviewed.The correlations between FS value and the parameters were explored using the Spearman rank correlation test and multiple linear regression model.Patients were categorized based on FS values;parameters were compared between the groups by use of Kruskal -Wallis H test or Mann -Whitney U test.Results FS value was positively correlated with the thickness of left liver lobe,spleen thickness and length,the diameter of the portal vein,the diameter of the splenic vein,liver surface smoothness,parenchymal echo,vascular morphology,ascites (presence or absence),and liver cirrhosis (presence or absence)(rs =0.249 -0.543,P <0.05 for all).Further-more,positive correlations were also observed between these parameters and the stage of liver fibrosis as determined based on FS values (rs =0.229 -0.541,P <0.05 for all).Multiple linear regression analysis identified liver surface smoothness,thickness of the left liver lobe,ascites,and diameter of the portal vein as independent predictive factors for FS value (t =5.123,3.703,3.113,and 2.985,P <0.05 for all).FS values were 9.573 ±9.490 kPa,16.339 ±11.359 kPa,and 27.688 ±18.676 kPa in the three groups with liver echo en-hancement,rough echo,and nodular echo,respectively;differences between the groups were significant (χ2 =98.469,P =0.000). Conclusion There are reliable correlations between FS value and parameters measured by B ultrasound.The diagnostic performance of Fi-broScan for liver fibrosis is more accurate and objective than that of B ultrasound.
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/41718
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_感染疾病科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 北京大学第一医院 感染疾病科 北京 100034
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