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学科主题: 泌尿外科学
题名:
后腹腔镜下解剖性肾切除术405例经验总结
其他题名: Anatomical retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy——with clinical experience of 405 cases
作者: 周利群; 宋刚; 姚鲲; 何志嵩; 李宁忱; 宋毅; 王刚; 席志军; 吴士良; 张晓春; 金杰; 郝金瑞; 潘柏年; 郭应禄
关键词: 肾切除术 ; 解剖学 ; 腹腔镜 ; 腹膜后间隙 ; Nephrectomy ; Anatomy ; Laparoscopes ; Retroperitoneal space
刊名: 中华泌尿外科杂志
发表日期: 2010
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1000-6702.2010.05.002
卷: 31, 期:5, 页:296-299
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊 ; 中文核心期刊 ; CSCD
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的 探讨后腹腔镜下解剖性肾切除术的安全性和有效性,规范后腹腔镜下肾切除术术式. 方法回顾性分析后腹腔镜下解剖性肾切除术405例患者资料.男232例,女173例.平均年龄(57.2±14.2)岁.肾癌行后腹腔镜下根治性肾切除术228例,肾盂癌及输尿管癌分别行后腹腔镜下肾输尿管全长切除术96例及49例,肾脏良性疾病致肾功能丧失行后腹腔镜下肾切除术32例.根治性切除在Gerota筋膜外进行,切除界限背侧为Gerota筋膜与侧椎筋膜问、腹侧为Gerota筋膜与肾前融合筋膜间的潜在间隙;良性肾切除则直接切开Gerota筋膜,于Gerota筋膜与肾周脂肪囊问的疏松纤维组织间进行游离.在肾脏外周数个相对无血管平面间进行分离、切割,完整切除肾脏、肾周脂肪囊. 结果后腹腔镜下根治性肾切除术和单纯肾切除术平均手术时间(132±48)min,肾盂癌和输尿管癌平均手术时间(245±62)min.失血量中位值100(10~2500)ml,术后引流量中位值150(0~1152)ml.输血15例(3.70%),输血量中位值400(400~1650)ml.中转开放4例(0.99%),黏连严重2例,肾蒂暴露困难及出血各1例.平均拔管时间(3.9±1.8)d,术后平均进食时间(2.7±1.2)d,术后平均住院日(8.6±3.8)d. 结论后腹腔镜下解剖性肾切除术利用后腹腔镜下的放大优势,在肾脏周围的数个相对无血管平面进行游离,解剖层次清楚,符合外科原则,手术时间短,出血量较少,术后引流量较少,是后腹腔镜下肾切除的首选术式和发展方向. Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the anatomical retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy(RSN)and standardize the procedure of RSN. Methods The retrospective analysis was performed on 405 consecutive patients underwent anatomical RSN in Our institute from January 2002 to June 2008.There were 232 male and 173 female patients with the average age of(57.2±14.2)years,among whom there were 228 renal cell carcinoma patients accepted RSU,96 and 49 renal pelvic carcinoma and ureteral carcinoma cases accepted retroperitoneoscopic ureteronephrectomy (RSUN) and 32 cases accepted simple RSN due to loss of renal function caused by benign renal discsses.The tadical RSN was performed by dissecting outside Gerota's fascia and in the latent cavities between this fascia and lateral conal fascia in the dorsal side and between this fascia and prerenal fusion fascia in the ventral side,whereas the simple RSN was done inside Gerota's fascia by making direct incision on it and dissecting between this fascia and perirenal adipose tissue.Kidneys and perirenal adipose tissue were completely removed by dissection along several avascular planes around the kidney under the amplified view of laparoscopy. The software SPSS 12.0 was used for the statistical analysis of all data. Results The mean operative time was (132±48)min for radical and simple RSN and (245 ± 62)min for radical RSUN, which included the time for position change and second skin preparation. The medium estimated blood loss was 100 ml(10-2500 ml) and the average drainage volume was 150 ml (0-1152 ml) postoperatively. 15 cases (3. 70%) required blood transfusion with the median volume of 400ml (400-1650 ml). Four cases (0. 99%) were converted to open surgery due to severe adhesion (2 cases), difficult exposure of renal helium (1 case) and severe bleeding (1 case).The mean drainage time was (3. 9±1.8)d, the mean time to first oral intake was (2.7±1.2)d and the mean postoperative hospital stay was (8.6±3. 8)d. Conclusion The anatomical RSN is safe and effective and should be the standard surgical procedure for laparoscopic nephrectomy.
语种: 中文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/45719
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_泌尿外科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 北京大学泌尿外科研究所,北京大学第一医院泌尿外科,100034

Recommended Citation:
周利群,宋刚,姚鲲,等. 后腹腔镜下解剖性肾切除术405例经验总结[J]. 中华泌尿外科杂志,2010,31(5):296-299.
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