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其他题名Safety,efficacy and reliability of the IUPU technique in setting up the retroperitoneal cavity for retroperitoneoseopy——with 1114 cases experience
周利群1; 张凯1; 何志嵩1; 李宁忱1; 张晓春1; 吴士良1; 郝金瑞1; 潘柏年1; 郭应禄1
关键词腹腔镜 后腹腔镜下 腹膜后腔 Laparoscopy Retroperitoneoscopy Retroperitoneal Space
收录类别中国科技核心期刊 ; 中文核心期刊 ; CSCD
文章类型Journal Article
摘要目的 介绍自创建立腹膜后腔的IUPU法(Institute of Urology,Peking University的首字母缩写),并探讨其简单性、安全性及实用性. 方法 1996年2月至2006年3月应用IUPU法建立腹膜后腔并实施后腹腔镜下手术1114例.首先于髂嵴上缘2 cm近腋前线处切1 cm小切口,穿刺气腹针入腹膜后腔,注气压力至14 mm Hg(1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa)后引入第1个套管针,引入腹腔镜后以镜身直接做左右往复运动扩张建立腹膜后腔隙.监视下行第2及第3套管针穿刺,进入已建立的腹膜后腔,并引入操作器械以进一步游离扩大腹膜后间隙.1114例手术包括单纯肾切除术54例、根治性肾切除术188例、肾输尿管全长切除术154例、肾上腺切除术344例、肾囊肿去顶术302例、肾部分切除术35例、UPJ成形术37例. 结果 IUPU法建立腹膜后腔时间4.5~14.5(5.4±2.8)min.8例(0.72%)因第1个套管针穿刺致出血改为开放手术,32例(2.87%)第1套管针穿刺进入腹腔,但通过直视下调整腹腔镜进入腹膜后腔仍可建立足够大小的腹膜后间隙,手术顺利完成.无其他脏器损伤. 结论 IUPU法建立腹膜后腔简单、安全、实用,无须特殊器械,熟练掌握后仅需5 min左右,是一种值得在后腹腔镜下操作中常规应用的建立腹膜后间隙的方法. Objective To assess the safety,efficacy and reliability of IUPU(Abbreviation of Institute of Urology,Peking University)technique in setting up the retroperitoneal cavity for retroperitoneoscopy. Methods From February 1996 to March 2006,more than 1100 retroperitoneoscopic procedures were performed with the IUPU technique in setting up the retroperitoneal cavity,First,at the cross point of the line 2 cm above the iliac crest and the longitudirml line close to the anterior auxiliary line,a 1 cm skin incision was made and the Veress needle was penetrated into the retroperitoneal space(RPS)with a 0°-30° angle to the perpendicular line.The CO2 gas was pumped into the RPS till the pressure increases to 14mmHg and the first port was inserted into the RPS.The laparoscope was then inserted into the RPS through the first port and kept swinging right and left with its tip and trunk tO set up the retroperitoneal cavity.Other 2 ports were put into the RPS at cross points of the sub-costal line and anterior and posterior auxiliary lines under monitor observation.Then other appliances are introduced into the RPS to expand the cavity.More than 1100 procedures had been done with the IUPU technique,including 54 cases of simple nephrectomy (loss of function due to tuberculosis,hydronephrosis and atrophy), 188 radical nephrectomy, 154 ureteronephrectomy, 344 adrenalectomy, 302 renal cyst decortications, 35 partial nephrectomy, 37 pyeloplasty. Results The average time for the IUPU technique was (5.4±2.8)min (range 4. 5 to 14. 5 min) to set up the RPS. Complications included converting to open surgery due to bleeding in 8 cases(8/1114,0. 72%) when the first port was inserted into the RPS and entered into the peritoneal cavity for the first port penetration in 32 cases (32/1114,2. 87%),although the retroperitoneal cavity could be set up successfully by adjusting the laparoscope into the RPS.There was no injury to other viscera. Conclusions The IUPU technique is safe, efficient and reliable in setting up the RPS and no other special instrument is needed. It can be finished within 5 min on skilled hands and is valuable as a routine method to set up the retroperitoneal cavity.
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GB/T 7714
周利群,张凯,何志嵩,等. 后腹腔镜下IUPU法建立腹膜后腔的简单性、安全性及实用性——1114例应用经验[J]. 中华泌尿外科杂志,2010,31(5):311-314.
APA 周利群.,张凯.,何志嵩.,李宁忱.,张晓春.,...&郭应禄.(2010).后腹腔镜下IUPU法建立腹膜后腔的简单性、安全性及实用性——1114例应用经验.中华泌尿外科杂志,31(5),311-314.
MLA 周利群,et al."后腹腔镜下IUPU法建立腹膜后腔的简单性、安全性及实用性——1114例应用经验".中华泌尿外科杂志 31.5(2010):311-314.
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