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学科主题: 肾脏病学
题名:
14例Fabry病肾损害的临床、病理及基因突变特点的分析
其他题名: Clinicopathological and genetic feathers of 14 Fabry nephropathy patients
作者: 才智勇1; 王素霞1; 章友康1; 房秋园1; 黄昱1; 郑欣1; 邹万忠1
关键词: 法布里病 ; 基因 ; 突变 ; Fabry肾病 ; α-半乳糖苷酶A基因 ; Fabry disease ; Genes ; Mutation ; Fabry nephropathy ; Alpha-galactosidase A
刊名: 中华肾脏病杂志
发表日期: 2012
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-7097.2012.12.001
卷: 28, 期:12, 页:909-915
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊 ; 中文核心期刊 ; CSCD
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的 探讨Fabry病肾损害的临床病理及α-半乳糖苷酶A(α-Gal A)基因(GLA 基因)突变的特点.方法 回顾性分析14例Fabry病患者的临床、肾脏病理及GLA基因突变等特点.结果 Fabry病肾损害在肾活检患者中检出率为0.074%,平均确诊年龄(30.57±9.32)岁,男∶女=2.5∶1.尿蛋白量中位数为1.71 g/24 h[(0.32~ 4.71)g/24 h].5例有血尿,4例有肾功能受损,肾外受累的表现以血管角质瘤最多见(10/14),其次为心脏病变(6/14).经典型患者9例,迟发型5例,其中6例有肾脏病家族史.肾脏病理光镜下可见明显的肾小球细胞空泡变性,部分患者可见硬化的肾小球.电镜下2例女性患者为部分足细胞内有髓磷脂样小体形成,其余病例所有足细胞内均可见髓磷脂样小体.4例测定α-Gal A活性的先证者均低于正常值.12例先证者进行了GLA基因突变分析,11例发现有GLA基因突变.3个新突变为碱基插入或缺失突变,临床表型均为经典型Fabry病.大多数迟发型患者携带的基因突变位于酶结构的包埋区或部分包埋区(3/11).在已证实的GLA基因突变中,携带I91T、R112H、Q312H的先证者主要表现为“迟发型”;携带W162X、F169S、S201F、N272K及L310R的先证者均表现为“经典型”.结论 本组Fabry病肾损害患者占肾活检的0.074%,常伴有血管角质瘤及心脏受累,且不同的GLA基因突变可能与患者的表型密切相关. Objective To elucidate the clinicopathological and hereditary characteristics in Fabry nephropathy.Methods The clinical and pathological features of 14 patients with Fabry nephropathy were collected.The activities of α-Gal A were measured in 4 probands.Screenings of GLA mutations were done in 12 patients.Results The ratio of Fabry nephropathy in the patients with renal biopsy was 0.074 % (14/19 005),the average diagnostic age was (30.57±9.32) years,male to female ratio was 2.5∶ 1.All the patients had proteinuria,and the median of urine total protein (UTP)was 1.71 g/24 h (0.32-4.71 g/24 h).Two of them got nephrotic proteinuria,5 of them got microscopic hematuria,4 of them got renal function insufficiency.Angiokeratomas was the most common manifestation (10/14),followed by cardiac involvement (6/14).Hypohidrosis and diseases of central neural system could also be seen in these patients.There were 9 classic phenotype,the remaining 5 were variants/renal variants.The family information was collected in 10 pedigrees,6 of them had family histories of kidney disease.Renal pathology showed vacuolization of glomerular visceral epithelial cells was the prominent feature,global and segmental glomerulosclerosis were seen in some patients by light microscopy.The myelin bodies or zebra bodies were identified in podocytes by electron microscopy,but only were found in some podocytes of 2 females.The activity of α-Gal A was decreased compared with the normal range in 4 probands.The mutations of GLA were demonstrated in 11 patients.Three novel mutations of GLA gene were identified,which were all deletion/insertion mutations with classic phenotypes.Most variants carried the mutations located in the buried/partial buried areas of α-Gal A (3/11).The classical phenotype carried GLA mutations as W162X,F169S,S201F,N272K,L310R,while variant phenotype carried GLA mutations as I91T,R112H,Q312H.Conclusions The ratio of Fabry nephropathy in patients with renal biopsy is 0.074%.Angiokeratomas and cardiac involvement are often accompanied with Fabry nephropathy.The genotypes of GLA may have close relationships with the phenotypes of Fabry nephopathy.
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/45763
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_肾脏内科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.100034,北京大学第一医院肾内科北京大学肾脏病研究所
2.北京大学医学部医学遗传学系

Recommended Citation:
才智勇,王素霞,章友康,等. 14例Fabry病肾损害的临床、病理及基因突变特点的分析[J]. 中华肾脏病杂志,2012,28(12):909-915.
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