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学科主题: 肾脏病学
题名:
尿沉渣显微镜检的临床应用价值
其他题名: Diagnostic value of microscopic examination of urine sediment
作者: 李惊子
关键词: 肾疾病 ; 肾功能衰竭,急性 ; 足细胞 ; 尿分析 ; 尿沉渣 ; 显微镜检查 ; Kidney diseases ; Kidney failure,acute ; Podocytes ; Urinalysis ; Urine sediment ; Microscopy
刊名: 中华检验医学杂志
发表日期: 2012
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-9158.2012.09.003
卷: 35, 期:9, 页:780-783
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊 ; 中文核心期刊 ; CSCD
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 自动化仪器检测尿常规具有快速、简便的优点,适于大批量样本筛查.但是尿沉渣显微镜检查仍是尿液检查的标准方法.这项传统的检查方法除作为一般的常规检查外,从初筛血尿来源,到预测肾组织病理增殖性和非增殖性损伤;从应用尿沉渣评分系统鉴别急性肾小管坏死( ATN)和肾前性急性肾损伤(AKI),再到尿足细胞作为肾小球损伤的标志物对肾小球疾病进行定位、鉴别局灶节段性肾小球硬化(FSGS)和微小病变肾病(MCD)等,都有着特殊价值. Automated urine analysis poses the advantage of rapid turn around time and is suitable for initial screening of large number of samples.However,standardized manual microscopic examination of urine sediment remains valuable for a variety of differential diagnosis,such as screening the potential causes of hematuria,to predict proliferative and non-proliferative renal pathological injury. Urinary sediment scoring system is often used to differentiate acute tubular necrosis (ATN) from pre-renal acute kidney injury (AKI).The urinary podocytes serves as a marker of glomerular injury to determine the location of and to monitor activity of glomerular lesions,as well as to differentiate focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and minimal change disease (MCD).These useful analyses shows the importance of urine microscopy in the clinical practice of nephrology.( Chin J Lab Med,2012,35:780-783)
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/45860
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_肾脏内科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 100034, 北京大学第一医院肾内科 北京大学肾脏疾病研究所 卫生部肾脏疾病重点实验室慢性肾脏病防治教育部重点实验室(北京大学)

Recommended Citation:
李惊子. 尿沉渣显微镜检的临床应用价值[J]. 中华检验医学杂志,2012,35(9):780-783.
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