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学科主题: 肾脏病学
题名:
基于患者需求的院内慢性肾脏病一体化护理转诊模式探讨
其他题名: Investigation of the integrated care model based on patients′demand in in-charge patients with chronic kidney disease
作者: 许莹; 曹立云; 田君叶; 于重燕; 李利平; 管艳萌
关键词: 慢性肾脏病 ; 一体化护理 ; 转诊模式 ; Chronic kidney disease ; Integrated care ; Referral pattern
刊名: 中华现代护理杂志
发表日期: 2015
卷: 21, 期:6, 页:663-665
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的:根据慢性肾脏病( CKD)患者的特点和需求,探讨建立医院内CKD患者一体化护理模式,给患者提供持续完整的护理服务。方法成立CKD一体化护理小组,对2013年1—5月住院CKD患者的知识来源和疾病管理方式进行问卷调查,建立院内CKD护理转诊流程。结果150例患者对肾脏病护理知识了解情况中按患者得分情况依次为对自身疾病认识程度(4.41±1.11)分,对肾脏病知识了解程度(3.21±0.84)分,对疾病知识关注程度(2.75±1.30)分,疾病自我护理技术的掌握程度(1.39±0.83)分。分别有88.67%和60.00%的患者认为疾病信息来源于医护人员,但仍有大量患者从媒体、亲朋好友等处获得了不同的对疾病的认识。105例(70.00%)的患者希望定期门诊随访和教育得到疾病护理支持,位居第1位。经小组讨论初步建立院内一体化护理转诊模式,即针对目标患者进行转诊前护理和教育,配合转诊交接单一对一交接,转诊后护理和教育的模式。有81名护士参与流程运行并提出了改进建议。结论 CKD患者需要医护人员提供长期、连续、完整及个体化的护理和健康教育。建立院内CKD一体化护理转诊可能是解决这一问题的恰当方式。 Objective To investigate effect of the integrated care model based on patients′demand in in-charge patients with chronic kidney disease ( CKD) .Methods Established CKD integrated care team , and a questionnaire survey about knowledge and disease management was conducted in hospitalized CKD patients from January to May, 2013, and established the CKD care referral model in hospital .Results A total of 150 cases of hospitalized patients with CKD received a questionnaire .The scores of patients′awareness of CKD was (4.41 ± 1.11), and the knowledge about kidney disease was (3.21 ±0.84), and the degree of concern for knowledge of disease was (2.75 ±1.30), and disease self-care technology mastery was (1.39 ±0.83).88.67% and 60.00%patients considered disease knowledge received from healthcare professionals , but there were still a large number of patients received knowledge from the media , friends, etc.105 patients (70.00%) hoped to get nursing care of outpatient follow up and education .The integrated care referral pattern in hospital was initially established after team discussion which could provide targeted patients pre-referral care and education , coordinated with one by one referral patterns with one transfer form , post-referral care and education .There were 81 nurses joined the post-referral care and gave their suggestions .Conclusions CKD patients need long-term, continuous, complete and individualized health care and education .Establishment of integrated CKD care referral patterns may be an appropriate way to solve this issue .
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/46055
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_肾脏内科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 100034,北京大学第一医院肾内科 北京大学肾脏病研究所卫生部重点实验室 教育部慢性肾脏病防治重点实验室

Recommended Citation:
许莹,曹立云,田君叶,等. 基于患者需求的院内慢性肾脏病一体化护理转诊模式探讨[J]. 中华现代护理杂志,2015,21(6):663-665.
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