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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
“90后”实习护生对护理中利他行为的态度及影响因素的质性研究
其他题名: Attitude of 90 practical nursing stu dents to altruism and its influencing factors
作者: 李君; 王兰; 曹立云; 贾冰
关键词: 实习护生 ; 利他行为 ; 态度 ; practical nursing students ; altruistic behavior ; attitude
刊名: 全科护理
发表日期: 2015
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.16744748.2015.15.047
期: 15, 页:1463-1466
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: [目的]探讨90后实习护生对护理中利他行为的态度及影响因素。[方法]采用质性研究中的现象学研究方法,面对面、半结构深度访谈了7位90后实习护生。采用 NVivo10分析资料。[结果]关于90后实习护生对护理中利他行为的态度,萃取出5个主要的结构概念:观察到利他行为是一件令人开心的事情;以后也会做更多的利他行为;在实施利他行为时,内心充满矛盾和纠结;理解和宽容不帮助其他人的护士;护理中的利他行为既有利又有弊。对态度的影响因素萃取出4个主要的结构概念:同理心和认知观念;当时所处的状态;对护理服务意识的敏感性;科室多年来形成的护理工作氛围。[结论]护理教育者和护理管理者应建立导向性激励机制,为护生多树立良好的榜样,进一步改善护生的临床实习环境,以加强对护生同理心的培养。 Objective:To probe into the attitude of 90 practical nursing students to altruism and its influencing factors.Methods:The seven 90's practical nursing students were interviewed by using face to face and semi structured depth interview and the phenomenological research method in qualitative research.The data was ana-lyzed by the software of NVivo10.Results:About 90's practical nurses students'attitude to altruistic behavior in nursing.Five major structured concepts were extracted:the altruistic behavior was a pleasure;more altruistic be-haviors will be done;when implementing the altruistic behavior,the heart was full of contradictions and strug-gles;understanding and tolerance of the nurses who didn't help others;altruistic behaviors in nursing had both sides,advantages and disadvantages.Four major structured concepts were extracted about influencing factors of attitude:empathy and cognitive concept;the state at that time;sensitivity to the consciousness of nursing serv-ice;nursing work atmosphere formed in the department for many years.Conclusion:Nursing educators and nursing administrators should establish the leading incentive mechanism,set a good example for nursing students and further improve the clinical practice environment of nursing students,so as to strengthen the culti-vation of empathy of nursing students.
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/48249
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 北京大学第一医院,100034

Recommended Citation:
李君,王兰,曹立云,等. “90后”实习护生对护理中利他行为的态度及影响因素的质性研究[J]. 全科护理,2015(15):1463-1466.
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