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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
Limitation of the augmentation index for evaluating arterial stiffness
作者: Wang, Tao1; Meng, Li-Tao1; Tang, Li-Jun1; Cheng, Lei1; Huang, Hai-Yan1
关键词: stiffness ; augmentation index ; diabetes ; peritoneal dialysis ; mathematics
刊名: HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
发表日期: 2007-08-01
卷: 30, 期:8, 页:713-722
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Peripheral Vascular Disease
研究领域[WOS]: Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]: PULSE-WAVE VELOCITY ; STAGE RENAL-DISEASE ; AORTIC PRESSURE ; HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS ; PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS ; RADIAL TONOMETRY ; HEALTHY-MEN ; FORM ; REPRODUCIBILITY ; HEMODIALYSIS
英文摘要:

Although the augmentation index (Alx) is widely used to evaluate arterial stiffness in clinics and research, some conflicting data exist in regard to its validity. We therefore performed a series of studies to test the validity of Alx. The first study in 196 peritoneal dialysis patients showed that Alx in diabetics was lower than that in non-diabetic patients (p<0.05), which was in contradiction with the previous studies. Further analysis showed that Alx was just weakly correlated with pulse pressure (PP)-a known index of arterial stiffness. We also found that the increase of augmentation pressure (AP) was usually accompanied with increased central PP (C-PP). As AP and C-PP are used as the numerator and denominator in the Alx formula, an increase in the numerator (AP) would not necessarily result in an increase of the quotient (Alx) unless the denominator (C-PP) was stable. We then conducted a second study trying to test the validity of Alx through mathematical ratiocination. The increases in the central second peak (P-2) and AP were assumed to represent increased arterial stiffness. Different values of Alx were obtained by varying the central initial systolic peak (P-1) and diastolic pressure (DP). Mathematical ratiocination showed that Alx was dependent on multiple factors, F=(Delta SP- Delta DP) x (P-1-P-2)+(Delta P-2-Delta P-1) x (SP-DP), which suggested that a change of Alx would not always be attributable to changes in P2 and AP. This speculation was further proved by clinical data in our third study. In conclusion, through a series of studies and ratiocination, we showed that the augmentation index (Alx or Alx@75bpm) might not be a sensitive surrogate for a change in central pressure waveforms, which is a manifestation of change in large artery function. The limitation of Alx as an index of arterial stiffness is rooted in its formula, which has a clear mathematical flaw.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000250743900010
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/49866
Appears in Collections:北京大学第三临床医学院_肾内科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Div Nephrol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Div Nephrol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Div Nephrol, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China
4.Yanbian Univ, Affiliated Hosp, Coll Med, Div Nephrol, Yanbian, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Wang, Tao,Meng, Li-Tao,Tang, Li-Jun,et al. Limitation of the augmentation index for evaluating arterial stiffness[J]. HYPERTENSION RESEARCH,2007,30(8):713-722.
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