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学科主题临床医学
Limitation of the augmentation index for evaluating arterial stiffness
Wang, Tao1; Meng, Li-Tao1; Tang, Li-Jun1; Cheng, Lei1; Huang, Hai-Yan1
关键词Stiffness Augmentation Index Diabetes Peritoneal Dialysis Mathematics
刊名HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
2007-08-01
30期:8页:713-722
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Peripheral Vascular Disease
研究领域[WOS]Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]PULSE-WAVE VELOCITY ; STAGE RENAL-DISEASE ; AORTIC PRESSURE ; HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS ; PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS ; RADIAL TONOMETRY ; HEALTHY-MEN ; FORM ; REPRODUCIBILITY ; HEMODIALYSIS
英文摘要

Although the augmentation index (Alx) is widely used to evaluate arterial stiffness in clinics and research, some conflicting data exist in regard to its validity. We therefore performed a series of studies to test the validity of Alx. The first study in 196 peritoneal dialysis patients showed that Alx in diabetics was lower than that in non-diabetic patients (p<0.05), which was in contradiction with the previous studies. Further analysis showed that Alx was just weakly correlated with pulse pressure (PP)-a known index of arterial stiffness. We also found that the increase of augmentation pressure (AP) was usually accompanied with increased central PP (C-PP). As AP and C-PP are used as the numerator and denominator in the Alx formula, an increase in the numerator (AP) would not necessarily result in an increase of the quotient (Alx) unless the denominator (C-PP) was stable. We then conducted a second study trying to test the validity of Alx through mathematical ratiocination. The increases in the central second peak (P-2) and AP were assumed to represent increased arterial stiffness. Different values of Alx were obtained by varying the central initial systolic peak (P-1) and diastolic pressure (DP). Mathematical ratiocination showed that Alx was dependent on multiple factors, F=(Delta SP- Delta DP) x (P-1-P-2)+(Delta P-2-Delta P-1) x (SP-DP), which suggested that a change of Alx would not always be attributable to changes in P2 and AP. This speculation was further proved by clinical data in our third study. In conclusion, through a series of studies and ratiocination, we showed that the augmentation index (Alx or Alx@75bpm) might not be a sensitive surrogate for a change in central pressure waveforms, which is a manifestation of change in large artery function. The limitation of Alx as an index of arterial stiffness is rooted in its formula, which has a clear mathematical flaw.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000250743900010
引用统计
被引频次:9[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/49866
专题北京大学第三临床医学院_肾内科
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Div Nephrol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Div Nephrol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Div Nephrol, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China
4.Yanbian Univ, Affiliated Hosp, Coll Med, Div Nephrol, Yanbian, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Wang, Tao,Meng, Li-Tao,Tang, Li-Jun,et al. Limitation of the augmentation index for evaluating arterial stiffness[J]. HYPERTENSION RESEARCH,2007,30(8):713-722.
APA Wang, Tao,Meng, Li-Tao,Tang, Li-Jun,Cheng, Lei,&Huang, Hai-Yan.(2007).Limitation of the augmentation index for evaluating arterial stiffness.HYPERTENSION RESEARCH,30(8),713-722.
MLA Wang, Tao,et al."Limitation of the augmentation index for evaluating arterial stiffness".HYPERTENSION RESEARCH 30.8(2007):713-722.
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