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学科主题: 药学
题名:
Self-assembled drug delivery systems - 1. Properties and in vitro/in vivo behavior of acyclovir self-assembled nanoparticles (SAN)
作者: Jin, YG1; Tong, L1; Ai, P1; Li, M1; Hou, XP1
关键词: prodrugs ; molecular self-assembly ; nanotechnology ; amphiphiles ; acyclovir ; mononuclear phagocyte system
刊名: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS
发表日期: 2006-02-17
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2005.11.025
卷: 309, 期:1-2, 页:199-207
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Pharmacology & Pharmacy
研究领域[WOS]: Pharmacology & Pharmacy
关键词[WOS]: HERPES-SIMPLEX-VIRUS ; IN-VITRO ; ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY ; LIPOSOMES ; PHARMACOKINETICS ; DERIVATIVES ; PRODRUG ; VESICLE ; SURFACTANTS ; MACROPHAGES
英文摘要:

Self-assembled drug delivery systems (SADDS) were designed in the paper. They can be prepared from the amphiphilic conjugates of hydrophilic drugs and lipids through self-assembling into small-scale aggregates in aqueous media. The outstanding characteristic of SADDS is that they are nearly wholly composed of amphiphilic prodrugs. The self-assembled nanoparticles (SAN) as one of SADDS had been prepared from the lipid derivative of acyclovir (SGSA) in the previous paper. They were further studied on the properties and the in vitro/in vivo behavior in this paper. The SAN kept the physical state stable upon centrifugation or some additives including some inorganic salts, alkaline solutions, surfactants and liposomes except for HCl solution, CaCl2 Solution and animal plasma. Autoclave and bath heat for sterilization hardly influenced the SAN. However, gamma-irradiation strongly destroyed the structure of SAN and SGSA was degraded. SGSA in SAN showed good stability in weak acidic or neutral buffers although it was very sensitive to alkaline solutions and carboxylester enzymes, the half-lives (t(1/2)) of which in the buffer at pH 7.4, the alkaline solution at pH 12.0, pig liver carboxylester enzyme solution, rabbit plasma, and rabbit liver tissue homogenate were 495, 21, 4.7, 25 and 8.7 h, respectively. Compared with SGSA in a disordered state, the specific bilayer structures of SAN could protect SGSA from hydrolysis through hiding the sensitive ester bonds. The SAN showed hemolytic action because the amphiphilic SGSA could insert into rabbit erythrocyte membranes. Both the high concentration of SGSA in samples and the long incubation time improved hemolysis. No hemolysis was observed if the additional volume of the SAN was less than 10% of rabbit whole blood in spite of the high concentration of SGSA. Plasma proteins could interfere the interaction between the SAN and erythrocytes by binding the SAN. The in vitro antiviral activity of acyclovir SAN was limited possibly because of the weak hydrolysis of SGSA in Vero cells, and the SAN showed a little cell toxicity possible due to the amphiphilicity of SGSA. A macrophage cell line of QXMSC1 cells showed uptake of the SAN but not significantly. The SAN were rapidly removed from blood circulation after bolus iv administration to rabbits with the very short distribution t(1/2) (1.5 min) and the elimination t(1/2) (47 min). The SAN were mainly distributed in liver, spleen and lung after iv administration, and SGSA was eliminated slowly in these tissues (t(1/2), about 7 h). It would appear that the nanosized SAN were trapped by the mononuclear phagocyte system. SADDS including SAN combine prodrugs, molecular self-assembly with nanotechnology, and hopefully become novel drug delivery approaches. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000235571400026
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/50170
Appears in Collections:北京大学药学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Beijing Inst Radiat Med, Dept Pharmaceut Chem, Beijing 100850, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Phys Pharm, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Biochem & Biotechnol, Coll Life Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Jin, YG,Tong, L,Ai, P,et al. Self-assembled drug delivery systems - 1. Properties and in vitro/in vivo behavior of acyclovir self-assembled nanoparticles (SAN)[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS,2006,309(1-2):199-207.
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