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Sex Difference in the Prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Dialysis Patients
Cheng, Li-Tao1; Gao, Yan-Li1,3; Tian, Jun-Ping1,2; Gu, Yue1; Zhang, Li1; Bi, Shu-Hong1; Tang, Wen1; Lindholm, Bengt4; Wang, Tao1
关键词Comorbidity Diabetes Hemodialysis Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Hypertension Left Ventricular Mass Index Uncontrolled Peritoneal Dialysis
刊名AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY
2009
DOI10.1159/000171378
29期:5
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Urology & Nephrology
研究领域[WOS]Urology & Nephrology
关键词[WOS]STAGE RENAL-DISEASE ; AMBULATORY PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS ; LONG-TERM CAPD ; HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS ; CARDIOVASCULAR RISK ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; UNITED-STATES ; MASS ; WOMEN ; GENDER
英文摘要

Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an important, independent negative predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the general population and in dialysis patients. Previous studies suggest a sex dimorphism in the prevalence of LVH; however, this issue has never been approached in dialysis patients. Methods: This study enrolled 237 prevalent dialysis patients: 49 on hemodialysis (HD) and 188 on peritoneal dialysis (PD) from a single center. LVH was defined by echocardiography measurements, which were normalized to body surface area (BSA) and height(2.7), respectively. Results: The mean ages in HD and PD patients were 60 +/- 14 and 60 +/- 13 years, with a median dialysis vintage of 43 and 20 months, respectively. Although there was no significant difference in age, diabetes, proportion of uncontrolled hypertension, antihypertensive medication and blood pressure between male and female patients within each dialysis modality, the prevalence of LVH (whether indexed to BSA or height(2.7)) was consistently higher in females than in males. When these patients were divided into LVH or non-LVH groups, a significant difference in sex distribution was observed between the two groups (62.0% vs. 41.0% when the BSA-indexed standard was used, p < 0.01; 62.8% vs. 37.1% when the height(2.7)-indexed standard was used, p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis, female sex was identified as a risk factor of LVH (odds ratio, OR = 2.48, 95% confidence interval, Cl = 1.33-4.59; when BSA-indexed LVH was treated as dependent variable, and OR = 4.05, 95% Cl = 1.96-8.38, when height(2.7)-indexed LVH was treated as dependent variable) even after adjustment for age, diabetes, blood pressure and antihypertensive medication. Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of LVH determined by echocardiography was significantly higher in female dialysis patients than in male dialysis patients. Compared with males, female patients had a 2.5- to 4-fold higher risk to develop LVH even after adjustment for other potential confounding factors, which may indicate that elderly females in the uremic scenario are more prone to develop LVH than elderly males. Copyright (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000264870200008
项目编号36-1
资助机构Ministry of Education ; People&prime ; s Republic of China
引用统计
被引频次:4[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/50512
专题北京大学第三临床医学院_肾内科
北京大学公共卫生学院_公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Div Nephrol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Capital Med Univ, Beijing Tiantan Hosp, Div Cardiol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Guangzhou Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Clin Coll 2, Div Cardiol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Baxter Novum & Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Cheng, Li-Tao,Gao, Yan-Li,Tian, Jun-Ping,et al. Sex Difference in the Prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Dialysis Patients[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY,2009,29(5).
APA Cheng, Li-Tao.,Gao, Yan-Li.,Tian, Jun-Ping.,Gu, Yue.,Zhang, Li.,...&Wang, Tao.(2009).Sex Difference in the Prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Dialysis Patients.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY,29(5).
MLA Cheng, Li-Tao,et al."Sex Difference in the Prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Dialysis Patients".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY 29.5(2009).
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