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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
The acute effects of fine particles on respiratory mortality and morbidity in Beijing, 2004-2009
作者: Li, Pei1,2,4; Xin, Jinyuan2; Wang, Yuesi2; Wang, Shigong1; Li, Guoxing3; Pan, Xiaochuan3; Liu, Zirui2; Wang, Lili2
关键词: Fine particle ; PM2.5 ; Heath effect ; Respiratory mortality ; Respiratory morbidity ; Beijing
刊名: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
发表日期: 2013-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-013-1688-8
卷: 20, 期:9, 页:6433-6444
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: PARTICULATE AIR-POLLUTION ; HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS ; TIME-SERIES ; COARSE PARTICLES ; US CITIES ; EUROPEAN CITIES ; SULFUR-DIOXIDE ; MATTER PM2.5 ; HONG-KONG ; TEMPERATURE
英文摘要:

Recent epidemiological and toxicological studies have shown associations between particulate matter and human health. However, the estimates of adverse health effects are inconsistent across many countries and areas. The stratification and interaction models were employed within the context of the generalized additive Poisson regression equation to examine the acute effects of fine particles on respiratory health and to explore the possible joint modification of temperature, humidity, and season in Beijing, China, for the period 2004-2009. The results revealed that the respiratory health damage threshold of the PM2.5 concentration was mainly within the range of 20-60 mu g/m(3), and the adverse effect of excessively high PM2.5 concentration maintained a stable level. In the most serious case, an increase of 10 mu g/m(3) PM2.5 results in an elevation of 4.60 % (95 % CI 3.84-4.60 %) and 4.48 % (95 % CI 3.53-5.41 %) with a lag of 3 days, values far higher than the average level of 0.69 % (95 % CI 0.54-0.85 %) and 1.32 % (95 % CI 1.02-1.61 %) for respiratory mortality and morbidity, respectively. There were strong seasonal patterns of adverse effects with the seasonal variation of temperature and humidity. The growth rates of respiratory mortality and morbidity were highest in winter. And, they increased 1.4 and 1.8 times in winter, greater than in the full year as PM2.5 increased 10 mu g/m(3).

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 41222033 ; XDA05100102 ; XDB05020200
项目资助者: National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Strategic Priority Research Program Grant
WOS记录号: WOS:000322155400052
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/50660
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Unit 93534 PLA, Beijing 101212, Peoples R China
2.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Atmospher Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Semiarid Climate Change, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, State Key Lab Atmospher Boundary Layer Phys & Atm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Li, Pei,Xin, Jinyuan,Wang, Yuesi,et al. The acute effects of fine particles on respiratory mortality and morbidity in Beijing, 2004-2009[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH,2013,20(9):6433-6444.
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