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学科主题: 精神卫生
题名:
Depression and suicidality in HIV/AIDS in China
作者: Jin, Hua1; Atkinson, J. Hampton1; Yu, Xin1; Heaton, Robert K.1; Shi, Chuan1; Marcotte, Thomas P.1; Young, Corinna1; Sadek, Joseph1; Wu, Zunyou1; Grant, Igor1; HNRC China Collaboration Grp1
关键词: HIV ; AIDS ; depression ; suicide
刊名: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
发表日期: 2006-08-01
DOI: 10.1016/jjad.2006.04.013
卷: 94, 期:1-3, 页:269-275
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Clinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
研究领域[WOS]: Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
关键词[WOS]: HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS ; INTERNATIONAL DIAGNOSTIC INTERVIEW ; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS ; HIV-INFECTION ; UNITED-STATES ; PREVALENCE ; LIFETIME ; AIDS ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY ; MEN
英文摘要:

Background: This pilot study examined rates of major depression and suicidality and their associations with daily functioning in HIV infected (HIV+) and uninfected (HIV-) persons in China.

Method: HIV+ participants (N=28) and demographically matched HIV- controls (N=23) completed the Chinese Composite International Diagnostic Interview to determine lifetime rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidality. Current mood and suicidal ideation were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory-I. The impact of depression and HIV infection on daily functioning was measured by an Activity of Daily Living questionnaire.

Results: Mean duration of known HIV+ status was 2 years. Almost 79% (n = 22) of HIV+ but just 4% (n = 1) of HIV- groups reported lifetime major depression. Of the 22 HIV+ individuals with lifetime MDD, only one had onset before learning of HIV status. The remainder developed MDD within 6 months after testing HIV positive. In those HIV+ subjects who met MDD criteria after HIV diagnosis, only two (9%) had received depression treatment, yet four (18%) had persisting active suicidal thoughts. Depression and HIV+ status independently predicted worse daily functioning.

Limitations: Representativeness is limited in this small sample of convenience.

Conclusion: This preliminary study presents evidence of high rates of major depression and suicidality in HIV-infected persons in China. Despite this, few had sought mental health assistance, suggesting a need to increase awareness of psychiatric comorbidity and access to mental health services. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000239880600028
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/50778
Appears in Collections:北京大学精神卫生研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.China Ctr Dis Control, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Calif San Diego, HIV Neurobehav Res Ctr, San Diego, CA 92103 USA

Recommended Citation:
Jin, Hua,Atkinson, J. Hampton,Yu, Xin,et al. Depression and suicidality in HIV/AIDS in China[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2006,94(1-3):269-275.
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