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IR@PKUHSC  > 北京大学口腔医学院  > 口腔修复科  > 期刊论文
学科主题: 口腔医学
题名:
INFLUENCE OF OCCLUSAL CONTACT AND CUSP INCLINATION ON THE BIOMECHANICAL CHARACTER OF A MAXILLARY PREMOLAR: A FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
作者: Liu, Shiming1; Liu, Yuhua1; Xu, Jun1; Rong, Qiguo2; Pan, Shaoxia1
刊名: JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY
发表日期: 2014-11-01
卷: 112, 期:5, 页:1238-1245
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
研究领域[WOS]: Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
关键词[WOS]: ENDODONTICALLY TREATED PREMOLARS ; CORONAL TOOTH STRUCTURE ; FRACTURE-RESISTANCE ; FIBER POSTS ; IN-VITRO ; TEETH ; COMPOSITE ; GLASS ; FERRULE
英文摘要:

Statement of problem. Restoring teeth with large amounts of dentin loss is challenging, especially for posterior teeth with high cusps. However, strategies for reducing the lateral forces are based on clinical experience instead of than scientific evidence.

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to analyze the biomechanical characteristics of maxillary premolars with different ferrule configurations and to investigate the influence of occlusal contact and cusp inclination on stress distribution with the finite element method.

Material and methods. Five numerical casts of a maxillary premolar were generated; each adopted 1 of the 5 coronal dentin configurations: i (access cavity with 4-mm dentin height) and ii to v (2-mm complete ferrule, 2-mm facial ferrule, 2-mm palatal ferrule, 2-mm proximal ferrule, and restored with a post and core, respectively). Both gold-alloy and glass-fiber posts were modeled. An oblique load of 200 N was applied to the top, middle, and bottom of the 45-degree facial cusps. The cusp inclination was remodeled to 60 degrees, followed by the application of a 200-N load to the top. The values of the maximum principal stress and von Mises stress were calculated to assess overload risk.

Results. When the top of 45-degree facial cusps was loaded, the maximum local stress concentration on dentin was found in teeth with a facial ferrule and restored with a gold-alloy post. When the middle of 45-degree facial cusps were loaded, the principal stresses of teeth with a complete ferrule, palatal ferrule, and proximal ferrule were similar to those of the access cavity teeth. In contrast, the principal stress of a tooth with a facial ferrule was close to that of the access cavity tooth after remodeling the facial inclination to 60 degrees.

Conclusions. Maxillary premolars with only facial dentin remaining show higher local stress on root dentin. Altering the loading position and reducing the facial cusp inclination can reduce local stresses.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000350618500029
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/50994
Appears in Collections:北京大学口腔医学院_口腔修复科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ Sch & Hosp Stomatol, Dept Prosthodont, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Dept Mech Engn, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Liu, Shiming,Liu, Yuhua,Xu, Jun,et al. INFLUENCE OF OCCLUSAL CONTACT AND CUSP INCLINATION ON THE BIOMECHANICAL CHARACTER OF A MAXILLARY PREMOLAR: A FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS[J]. JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY,2014,112(5):1238-1245.
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