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Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China - a meta-analysis
Aunan, K1; Pan, XC1
关键词Exposure-response Health Effects Air Pollution Meta-analysis China Epidemiology
刊名SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
2004-08-15
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.03.008
329期:1-3页:3-16
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]CHRONIC RESPIRATORY-DISEASE ; LONG-TERM EXPOSURE ; DAILY MORTALITY ; INFANT-MORTALITY ; HONG-KONG ; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASES ; HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS ; PARTICULATE MATTER ; SULFUR-DIOXIDE ; TIME-SERIES
英文摘要

Assessing the benefits of projects and policies to reduce air pollution requires quantitative knowledge about the relationship between exposure to air pollution and public health. This article proposes exposure-response functions for health effects of PM10 and SO2 pollution in China. The functions are based on Chinese epidemiological studies, and cover mortality, hospital admissions, and chronic respiratory symptoms and diseases. We derive the following coefficients for acute effects: a 0.03% (S.E. 0.01) and a 0.04% (S.E. 0.01) increase in all-cause mortality per mug/m(3) PM10 and SO2, respectively, a 0.04% (S.E. 0.01) increase in cardiovascular deaths per mug/m(3) for both PM10 and SO2, and a 0.06% (S.E. 0.02) and a 0.10% (S.E. 0.02) increase in respiratory deaths per mug/m(3) PM, and SO2, respectively. For hospital admissions due to cardiovascular diseases the obtained coefficients are 0.07% (S.E. 0.02) and 0.19% (S.E. 0.03) for PM10 and SO2, respectively, whereas the coefficients for hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases are 0.12% (S.E. 0.02) and 0.15% (S.E. 0.03) for PM10 and SO2, respectively. Exposure-response functions for the impact of long-term PM10 levels on the prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms and diseases are derived from the results of cross-sectional questionnaire surveys, and indicate a 0.31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per mug/m(3) in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per mug/m(3) in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000223163000001
引用统计
被引频次:107[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/51057
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.CICERO, Ctr Int Climate & Environm Res, N-0318 Oslo, Norway
2.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm & Occupat Hlth, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Aunan, K,Pan, XC. Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China - a meta-analysis[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2004,329(1-3):3-16.
APA Aunan, K,&Pan, XC.(2004).Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China - a meta-analysis.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,329(1-3),3-16.
MLA Aunan, K,et al."Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China - a meta-analysis".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 329.1-3(2004):3-16.
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