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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
The association between fine particulate air pollution and hospital emergency room visits for cardiovascular diseases in Beijing, China
作者: Guo, Yuming1; Jia, Yuping1; Pan, Xiaochuan1; Liu, Liqun2; Wichmann, H. -Erich2
关键词: Fine particulate matter ; Air pollution ; Case-crossover design ; Hospital emergency room visit ; Cardiovascular disease
刊名: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
发表日期: 2009-08-15
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.05.022
卷: 407, 期:17, 页:4826-4830
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: CASE-CROSSOVER ANALYSIS ; CONGESTIVE-HEART-FAILURE ; DEPARTMENT VISITS ; MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION ; CARDIAC-ARRHYTHMIA ; RATE-VARIABILITY ; DAILY MORTALITY ; BLOOD MARKERS ; ADMISSIONS ; MATTER
英文摘要:

Background: Because epidemiological studies have yielded different results, the association between exposure to fine particulate matter less than 2.5 mu m in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5)) and acute events of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is unknown. Additionally, no research has been conducted to explore the association between PM(2.5) and hospital emergency room (ER) visits of cardiovascular diseases in Beijing, China.

Objective: To explore the association between PM(2.5) and the hospital ER visits in Beijing, China for CVD ((international Classification of Diseases, 10th vision (ICD-10): 100 similar to 199)).

Methods: We collected data for daily hospital ER visits for CVD from the Peking University Third Hospital, daily ambient PM2.5 data from a fixed monitor site at Peking University, and data on the daily level of gaseous air pollutants {sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and nitrogen dioxide (NO(2))} from the Beijing Municipal Environmental Monitoring Center between June 1, 2004 and December 31, 2006. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used to evaluate associations between CVD health outcomes and ambient air pollutants.

Results: 8377 hospital ER visits of CVD were collected in our study. After adjusting the temperature and the relative humidity, the associations for 10 mu g/m(3) increases in levels of PM(2.5), SO(2), or NO(2) and hospital ER visits for cardiovascular diseases were statistically significant with odds ratios (ORs) of 1.005(95% confidence interval (CI): 1.001-1.009), 1.014(95% CI: 1.004-1.024), and 1.016(95% CI: 1.003-1.029), respectively. Conclusion: These findings suggest that elevated levels of ambient air pollutants are associated with the increase in hospital ER visits for CVD in Beijing, China. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: RA-2489/07 ; 20637026
项目资助者: Deutsche Forschungsgerneinschaft Foundation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS记录号: WOS:000268371500006
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/51091
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Inst Epidemiol, Munich, Germany

Recommended Citation:
Guo, Yuming,Jia, Yuping,Pan, Xiaochuan,et al. The association between fine particulate air pollution and hospital emergency room visits for cardiovascular diseases in Beijing, China[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2009,407(17):4826-4830.
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