|Quantitative Measurement of Cerebral Perfusion with Intravoxel Incoherent Motion in Acute Ischemia Stroke: Initial Clinical Experience|
|Hu, Li-Bao1; Hong, Nan1; Zhu, Wen-Zhen2|
|关键词||Arterial Spin Labeling Cerebral Blood Flow Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Ischemic Penumbra|
|刊名||CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Medicine, General & Internal|
|研究领域[WOS]||General & Internal Medicine|
|关键词[WOS]||DYNAMIC SUSCEPTIBILITY CONTRAST ; BLOOD-FLOW ; DIFFUSION ; PENUMBRA ; MRI ; QUANTIFICATION ; THRESHOLDS ; MODEL ; IVIM|
Background: Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) has the potential to provide both diffusion and perfusion information without an exogenous contrast agent, its application for the brain is promising, however, feasibility studies on this are relatively scarce. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of IVIM perfusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).
Methods: Patients with suspected AIS were examined by magnetic resonance imaging within 24 h of symptom onset. Fifteen patients (mean age was 68.7 +/- 8.0 years) who underwent arterial spin labeling (ASL) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) were identified as having AIS with ischemic penumbra were enrolled, where ischemic penumbra referred to the mismatch areas of ASL and DWI. Eleven different b-values were applied in the biexponential model. Regions of interest were selected in ischemic penumbras and contralateral normal brain regions. Fast apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and ASL cerebral blood flow (CBF) were measured. The paired t-test was applied to compare ASL CBF, fast ADC, and slow ADC measurements between ischemic penumbras and contralateral normal brain regions. Linear regression and Pearson′s correlation were used to evaluate the correlations among quantitative results.
Results: The fast ADCs and ASL CBFs of ischemic penumbras were significantly lower than those of the contralateral normal brain regions (1.93 +/- 0.78 mu m(2)/ms vs. 3.97 +/- 2.49 mu m(2)/ms, P = 0.007; 13.5 +/- 4.5 ml.100 g(-1).min(-1) vs. 29.1 +/- 12.7 ml.100 g(-1).min(-1), P < 0.001, respectively). No significant difference was observed in slow ADCs between ischemic penumbras and contralateral normal brain regions (0.203 +/- 0.090 mu m(2)/ms vs. 0.198 +/- 0.100 mu m(2)/ms, P = 0.451). Compared with contralateral normal brain regions, both CBFs and fast ADCs decreased in ischemic penumbras while slow ADCs remained the same. A significant correlation was detected between fast ADCs and ASL CBFs (r = 0.416, P < 0.05). No statistically significant correlation was observed between ASL CBFs and slow ADCs, or between fast ADCs and slow ADCs (r = 0.111, P = 0.558; r = 0.200, P = 0.289, respectively).
Conclusions: The decrease in cerebral blood perfusion primarily results in the decrease in fast ADC in ischemic penumbras; therefore, fast ADC can reflect the perfusion situation in cerebral tissues.
|资助机构||Key Projects in the National Science and Technology Pillar Program|
|作者单位||1.Peking Univ Peoples Hosp, Dept Radiol, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China|
2.Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Tongji Med Coll, Tongji Hosp, Dept Radiol, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, Peoples R China
|Hu, Li-Bao,Hong, Nan,Zhu, Wen-Zhen. Quantitative Measurement of Cerebral Perfusion with Intravoxel Incoherent Motion in Acute Ischemia Stroke: Initial Clinical Experience[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2015,128(19):2565-2569.|
|APA||Hu, Li-Bao,Hong, Nan,&Zhu, Wen-Zhen.(2015).Quantitative Measurement of Cerebral Perfusion with Intravoxel Incoherent Motion in Acute Ischemia Stroke: Initial Clinical Experience.CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,128(19),2565-2569.|
|MLA||Hu, Li-Bao,et al."Quantitative Measurement of Cerebral Perfusion with Intravoxel Incoherent Motion in Acute Ischemia Stroke: Initial Clinical Experience".CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL 128.19(2015):2565-2569.|