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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: a multilevel analysis
作者: Chen, Tian-Jiao1,2; Modin, Bitte2; Ji, Cheng-Ye1; Hjern, Anders2
关键词: Child and adolescent obesity ; China ; Disparity ; Multilevel analysis ; Prevalence
刊名: ACTA PAEDIATRICA
发表日期: 2011-12-01
DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02397.x
卷: 100, 期:12, 页:1583-1589
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Pediatrics
研究领域[WOS]: Pediatrics
关键词[WOS]: UNITED-STATES ; OVERWEIGHT ; PREVALENCE ; HEALTH ; EPIDEMIC ; TRENDS
英文摘要:

Aim: To study socio-demographic patterns of obesity in Chinese children and adolescents.

Methods: Data came from the 2005 cycle of the Chinese National Survey on Student′s Constitution and Health. In all, 231 326 subjects aged 7-18 years, distributed across 622 schools and 30 provinces, were analysed. Multilevel modelling was used to estimate variations at individual, school area and province levels.

Results: The prevalence of obesity varied enormously across different areas. Young people living in high socioeconomic and urban areas had higher body mass index (BMI) and higher odds of overweight and obesity than those living in lower socioeconomic and rural areas. Subjects living in provinces with a higher standard of living, as indicated by less perinatal mortality, lower Engel coefficient, and higher personal expenditure on health had higher BMI and higher odds of overweight and obesity than those living in less affluent provinces. An interaction between gender and urbanicity revealed that boys in urban areas were especially prone to obesity.

Conclusion: In contrast to most present-day high income countries, obesity among young people in China is associated with affluence and urban residence. Intervention and strategy for obesity prevention should be targeting high socioeconomic families in urban areas, perhaps with particular focus on boys.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 30972495 ; 81001249 ; 200800011033
项目资助者: National Natural Science Foundation of China ; China Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education
WOS记录号: WOS:000296899500022
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/51359
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Child & Adolescent Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Stockholm Univ, Karolinska Inst, Ctr Hlth Equity Studies CHESS, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden

Recommended Citation:
Chen, Tian-Jiao,Modin, Bitte,Ji, Cheng-Ye,et al. Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: a multilevel analysis[J]. ACTA PAEDIATRICA,2011,100(12):1583-1589.
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