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Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: a multilevel analysis
Chen, Tian-Jiao1,2; Modin, Bitte2; Ji, Cheng-Ye1; Hjern, Anders2
关键词Child And Adolescent Obesity China Disparity Multilevel Analysis Prevalence
刊名ACTA PAEDIATRICA
2011-12-01
DOI10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02397.x
100期:12页:1583-1589
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Pediatrics
研究领域[WOS]Pediatrics
关键词[WOS]UNITED-STATES ; OVERWEIGHT ; PREVALENCE ; HEALTH ; EPIDEMIC ; TRENDS
英文摘要

Aim: To study socio-demographic patterns of obesity in Chinese children and adolescents.

Methods: Data came from the 2005 cycle of the Chinese National Survey on Student′s Constitution and Health. In all, 231 326 subjects aged 7-18 years, distributed across 622 schools and 30 provinces, were analysed. Multilevel modelling was used to estimate variations at individual, school area and province levels.

Results: The prevalence of obesity varied enormously across different areas. Young people living in high socioeconomic and urban areas had higher body mass index (BMI) and higher odds of overweight and obesity than those living in lower socioeconomic and rural areas. Subjects living in provinces with a higher standard of living, as indicated by less perinatal mortality, lower Engel coefficient, and higher personal expenditure on health had higher BMI and higher odds of overweight and obesity than those living in less affluent provinces. An interaction between gender and urbanicity revealed that boys in urban areas were especially prone to obesity.

Conclusion: In contrast to most present-day high income countries, obesity among young people in China is associated with affluence and urban residence. Intervention and strategy for obesity prevention should be targeting high socioeconomic families in urban areas, perhaps with particular focus on boys.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000296899500022
项目编号30972495 ; 81001249 ; 200800011033
资助机构National Natural Science Foundation of China ; China Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education
引用统计
被引频次:29[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/51359
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
北京大学公共卫生学院_公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Child & Adolescent Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Stockholm Univ, Karolinska Inst, Ctr Hlth Equity Studies CHESS, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Chen, Tian-Jiao,Modin, Bitte,Ji, Cheng-Ye,et al. Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: a multilevel analysis[J]. ACTA PAEDIATRICA,2011,100(12):1583-1589.
APA Chen, Tian-Jiao,Modin, Bitte,Ji, Cheng-Ye,&Hjern, Anders.(2011).Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: a multilevel analysis.ACTA PAEDIATRICA,100(12),1583-1589.
MLA Chen, Tian-Jiao,et al."Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: a multilevel analysis".ACTA PAEDIATRICA 100.12(2011):1583-1589.
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