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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Sampling survey on intellectual disability in 0 similar to 6-year-old children in China
作者: Xie, Z. -H.1; Bo, S. -Y.2; Zhang, X. -T.3; Liu, M.4; Zhang, Z. -X.5; Yang, X. -L.6; Ji, S. -R.7; Yan, H.8; Sui, X. -L.9; Na, X.2; Guo, S. -H.2; Wu, Z. -L.1
关键词: Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) ; intellectual disability ; prevalence ; risk factor ; young children
刊名: JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY RESEARCH
发表日期: 2008-12-01
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01048.x
卷: 52, 页:1029-1038
收录类别: SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Social Sciences ; Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Education, Special ; Genetics & Heredity ; Clinical Neurology ; Psychiatry ; Rehabilitation
研究领域[WOS]: Education & Educational Research ; Genetics & Heredity ; Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry ; Rehabilitation
关键词[WOS]: DEVELOPMENTAL SCREENING-TEST ; DENVER
英文摘要:

To understand the current status of intellectually disabled children and the prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) in children aged 0 similar to 6 years and its risk factors, and to provide scientific evidence to formulate relevant policies for helping intellectually disabled children.

Multiphase, stratified, unequal proportional and cluster sampling was adopted to investigate 60 124 children aged 0 similar to 6 years. All the children investigated were screened for ID using the Denver Developmental Screening Test, and those with positive screening test would be further diagnosed by varied specialists using the Gesell Developmental Inventory.

In total, 560 of 60 124 children were diagnosed as intellectually disabled with an overall prevalence of 0.93%. Prevalence of ID was highest in children living in medium-developed areas with a prevalence of 1.20%, higher than in those living in developed areas (0.75%) and in underdeveloped areas (0.84%). It was higher in rural areas (1.03%) than in urban areas (0.83%), and higher in boys (1.01%) than in girls (0.84%). Prevalence of ID increased with the age of children and decreased with the educational level of their parents.

The study suggested that ID is still prevalent in the children of China, and rehabilitation for them is lagging behind current needs. Early prevention of ID in children and pre-school education for them should be strengthened.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000261064800002
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/51521
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.China Disabled Persons Fed, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Acad Mil Med Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.China Ctr Rehabil Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Tianjin Med Univ, Gen Hosp, Tianjin, Peoples R China
7.Tianjin Med Univ, Hosp 3, Tianjin, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Med Sci, Inst Basic Med Sci, Sch Basic Med, Peking Union Med Coll, Beijing 100005, Peoples R China
9.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Sci Ctr, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Xie, Z. -H.,Bo, S. -Y.,Zhang, X. -T.,et al. Sampling survey on intellectual disability in 0 similar to 6-year-old children in China[J]. JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY RESEARCH,2008,52:1029-1038.
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