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Age-Related Differences in the Performance of Theory of Mind in Older Adults: A Dissociation of Cognitive and Affective Components
Wang, Zhiwen1,2; Su, Yanjie1
关键词Theory Of Mind Aging Cognitive Affective Social Cognition
刊名PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING
2013-03-01
DOI10.1037/a0030876
28期:1页:284-291
收录类别SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Social Sciences
类目[WOS]Gerontology ; Psychology, Developmental
研究领域[WOS]Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychology
关键词[WOS]FRONTAL-LOBE ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; LIFE-SPAN ; SCHIZOPHRENIA ; DEFICITS ; PERSPECTIVE ; STORIES ; DECLINE ; CHINESE
英文摘要

Previous studies that focused on age-related changes in the performance of theory of mind (ToM) in older adults have provided conflicting results. ToM consists of cognitive and affective mentalizing processes. Mixed calculation of different aspects of ToM may have contributed to the conflicting results and fails to detect the specific age effects on ToM. The current study investigated the age-related changes on stories tasks that specifically assess cognitive versus affective ToM in 42 young-old adults and 32 old-old adults, compared to 32 young adults. A factor analysis revealed that the ToM stories tasks could be classified into three components. Both of the two older adult groups performed worse than young adult group on cognitive ToM stories tasks (p < .001). However, older adults performed nearly the same as young adults on affective ToM stories tasks (p > .05). Moreover, performance on executive inhibition, measured by the Hay ling test, was only correlated with cognitive ToM tasks (beta = 0.318, R-2 = 0.101), but not with affective ToM tasks. The results reveal a greater age effect on cognitive compared to affective ToM. Rather than a general decline of ToM, older adults show selective compromised performance on cognitive ToM tasks, while relatively intact performance on affective ToM stories tasks. The dissociable correlation between cognitive versus affective ToM with inhibitive control further confirms the dissociation of cognitive and affective ToM.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000316591500029
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/51653
Collection北京大学护理学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Sch Nursing, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Zhiwen,Su, Yanjie. Age-Related Differences in the Performance of Theory of Mind in Older Adults: A Dissociation of Cognitive and Affective Components[J]. PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING,2013,28(1):284-291.
APA Wang, Zhiwen,&Su, Yanjie.(2013).Age-Related Differences in the Performance of Theory of Mind in Older Adults: A Dissociation of Cognitive and Affective Components.PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING,28(1),284-291.
MLA Wang, Zhiwen,et al."Age-Related Differences in the Performance of Theory of Mind in Older Adults: A Dissociation of Cognitive and Affective Components".PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING 28.1(2013):284-291.
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