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学科主题: 精神卫生
题名:
The epidemiological profile of alcohol and other drug use in metropolitan China
作者: Cheng, Hui1,4; Lee, Sing3; Tsang, Adley2; Huang, Yueqin4; Liu, Zhaorui4; Anthony, James C.1; Kessler, Ronald C.5
关键词: Substance use ; Epidemiology ; China ; Alcohol ; Tobacco
刊名: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
发表日期: 2010-12-01
DOI: 10.1007/s00038-010-0127-6
卷: 55, 期:6, 页:645-653
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: WORLD-HEALTH-ORGANIZATION ; HIGH-PREVALENCE AREAS ; MENTAL-DISORDERS ; UNITED-STATES ; USE PATTERNS ; UNMET NEED ; POPULATIONS ; INVOLVEMENT ; MORTALITY ; SEVERITY
英文摘要:

There is evidence that alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use may be rising in China, but epidemiological studies that examine several drugs simultaneously and the transition from initial try to current use are limited. The present study provides an epidemiological profile of drug use in contemporary metropolitan China.

A multistage probability sampling method was used to select household-dwelling adults in Beijing and Shanghai. Standard face-to-face interviews with 5,201 participants were completed during 2002-2003.

An estimated 70-76% had used any type of drug: alcohol and tobacco were the most commonly used drugs (alcohol, 67%; tobacco, 39%). Regarding extra-medical use of internationally regulated drugs, sedatives and analgesics were most common and illegal drug use was rare. The majority of tobacco users used it recently (82.5%), especially young adults. Male-female differences were observed in lifetime tobacco use, but not for recent use. Concurrent use of alcohol and tobacco was very common.

Psychoactive drug use is common in metropolitan China. Public health policies and prevention initiatives may be needed to address associated problems that may increase following the country′s rapid socioeconomic change.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: R01 DA016558 ; R01MH070884 ; K05DA015799 ; R13-MH066849 ; R01-MH069864 ; R03-TW006481
项目资助者: National Institute on Drug Abuse in the United States, United States National Institute of Mental Health ; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation ; Pfizer Foundation ; US Public Health Service ; Fogarty International Center (FIRCA) ; Pan American Health Organization ; Eli Lilly &amp ; Company Foundation ; Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc. ; GlaxoSmithKline ; Bristol-Myers Squibb ; Michigan State University, OVPRGS
WOS记录号: WOS:000284652200018
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/52068
Appears in Collections:北京大学精神卫生研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Michigan State Univ, Dept Epidemiol, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA
3.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Hong Kong Mood Disorders Ctr, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
5.Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Care Policy, Boston, MA 02115 USA

Recommended Citation:
Cheng, Hui,Lee, Sing,Tsang, Adley,et al. The epidemiological profile of alcohol and other drug use in metropolitan China[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH,2010,55(6):645-653.
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