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Heritability of Smoking, Alcohol Use, and Psychological Characteristics Among Adolescent Twins in Qingdao, China
Unger, Jennifer B.1; Lessov-Schlaggar, Christina N.2; Pang, Zengchang3; Guo, Qian1; Ning, Feng4; Gallaher, Peggy1; Lee, Liming5; Cao, Weihua6; Conti, David6; Johnson, C. Anderson1
关键词Child Health Family Medicine Adolescent Health Public Health Smoking/tobacco/drug Abuse Health Informatics Health Management Health Education Health Promotion Medical Statistics
刊名ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
2011-07-01
DOI10.1177/1010539509351052
23期:4页:568-580
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]ENVIRONMENTAL-INFLUENCES ; SUBSTANCE USE ; NICOTINE DEPENDENCE ; CIGARETTE-SMOKING ; YOUNG ADULTHOOD ; TOBACCO USE ; INITIATION ; REGISTRY ; ANXIETY ; SAMPLE
英文摘要

Background: Previous studies of genetic and environmental influences on adolescent substance use have been limited to Western samples. Methods:This study assesses genetic and environmental contributions to cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and psychological variables (depression, anxiety, aggression, hostility) among 602 pairs of adolescent twins, 11 to 19 years old, in Qingdao, China. Results: Heritable influences were more pronounced for alcohol use than cigarette smoking. In univariate analyses, no heritable effects were found for depression or aggression, and modest heritability was found for anxiety. Hostility was relatively more heritable in girls than boys. Bivariate associations between substance use and psychological measures could be attributed to a combination of common genetic and environmental factors. Conclusions: Among Chinese adolescents, experimentation with tobacco is familial, and experimentation with alcohol is heritable. The genetic and environmental architecture of hostility differs by gender. Consistency of univariate results with Western adolescent samples appears limited to the alcohol use measures.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000293149200012
项目编号5P50CA084735
资助机构NIH Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center
引用统计
被引频次:13[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/52242
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Univ So Calif, Los Angeles, CA USA
2.Claremont Grad Univ, San Dimas, CA 91773 USA
3.Qingdao Municipal Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Qingdao, Peoples R China
4.Washington Univ, Sch Med St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130 USA
5.Chinese Acad Med Sci, Peking Union Med Coll, Beijing 100730, Peoples R China
6.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Sci Ctr, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Unger, Jennifer B.,Lessov-Schlaggar, Christina N.,Pang, Zengchang,et al. Heritability of Smoking, Alcohol Use, and Psychological Characteristics Among Adolescent Twins in Qingdao, China[J]. ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH,2011,23(4):568-580.
APA Unger, Jennifer B..,Lessov-Schlaggar, Christina N..,Pang, Zengchang.,Guo, Qian.,Ning, Feng.,...&Johnson, C. Anderson.(2011).Heritability of Smoking, Alcohol Use, and Psychological Characteristics Among Adolescent Twins in Qingdao, China.ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH,23(4),568-580.
MLA Unger, Jennifer B.,et al."Heritability of Smoking, Alcohol Use, and Psychological Characteristics Among Adolescent Twins in Qingdao, China".ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 23.4(2011):568-580.
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