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Estradiol improves cardiovascular function through up-regulation of SOD2 on vascular wall
Liu, Zhaoyu1; Gou, Yulan2; Zhang, Hongyu3; Zuo, Houjuan1; Zhang, Haimou4; Liu, Zhengxiang1; Yao, Dachun1
关键词Endothelium Estrogen Receptor Gene Therapy Mitochondrial Function Reactive Oxygen Species
刊名REDOX BIOLOGY
2014
DOI10.1016/j.redox.2014.11.001
3页:88-99
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
关键词[WOS]ESTROGEN-RECEPTOR-ALPHA ; ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION ; FEMALE MICE ; MITOCHONDRIAL DYSFUNCTION ; OXIDATIVE STRESS ; HORMONE-THERAPY ; DEFICIENT MICE ; OBESITY ; DISEASE ; BETA
英文摘要

Epidemiological studies have shown that estrogens have protective effects in cardiovascular diseases, even though the results from human clinical trials remain controversial, while most of the animal experiments confirmed this effect, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we found that estradiol (E2) treatment significantly increases the expression of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD2) in mice and in vitro in human aorta endothelial cells. Further investigation shows that E2 up-regulates SOD2 through tethering of estrogen receptor (ER) to Sp1 and the increased binding of Sp1 to GC-box on the SOD2 promoter, where ER alpha responses E2-mediated gene activation, and ER beta maintains basal gene expression level. The E2/ER-mediated SOD2 up-regulation results in minimized ROS generation, which highly favors healthy cardiovascular function. Gene therapy through lentivirus-carried endothelium-specific delivery to the vascular wall in high-fat diet (HET) mice shows that the SOD2 expression in endothelial cells normalizes E2 deficiency-induced ROS generation with ameliorated mitochondrial dysfunction and vascular damage, while SOD2 knockdown worsens the problem despite the presence of E2, indicating that E2-induced SOD2 expression plays an important vasculoprotective role. To our knowledge, this is the first report for the mechanism by which E2 improves cardiovascular function through up-regulation of SOD2 in endothelial cells. In turn, this suggests a novel gene therapy through lentivirus-carried gene delivery to vascular wall for E2 deficiency-induced cardiovascular damage in postmenopausal women. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000350812500012
引用统计
被引频次:17[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/52315
专题北京大学深圳医院_血液内科
作者单位1.Wuhan 1 Hosp, Dept Neurol, Wuhan 430022, Peoples R China
2.Hubei Univ, Sch Life Sci, Wuhan 430062, Peoples R China
3.Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Tongji Med Coll, Tongji Hosp, Internal Med, Wuhan 430030, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, ShenZhen Hosp, Dept Hematol, Shenzhen 518036, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Liu, Zhaoyu,Gou, Yulan,Zhang, Hongyu,et al. Estradiol improves cardiovascular function through up-regulation of SOD2 on vascular wall[J]. REDOX BIOLOGY,2014,3:88-99.
APA Liu, Zhaoyu.,Gou, Yulan.,Zhang, Hongyu.,Zuo, Houjuan.,Zhang, Haimou.,...&Yao, Dachun.(2014).Estradiol improves cardiovascular function through up-regulation of SOD2 on vascular wall.REDOX BIOLOGY,3,88-99.
MLA Liu, Zhaoyu,et al."Estradiol improves cardiovascular function through up-regulation of SOD2 on vascular wall".REDOX BIOLOGY 3(2014):88-99.
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