|Prevalence of Diabetes among Men and Women in China|
|Yang, Wenying1; Lu, Juming2; Weng, Jianping3; Jia, Weiping4; Ji, Linong5; Xiao, Jianzhong1; Shan, Zhongyan6; Liu, Jie7; Tian, Haoming8; Ji, Qiuhe9; Zhu, Dalong10; Ge, Jiapu11; Lin, Lixiang12; Chen, Li13; Guo, Xiaohui14; Zhao, Zhigang15; Li, Qiang16; Zhou, Zhiguang17; Shan, Guangliang18; He, Jiang19; China Natl Diabet Metab Disorders1|
|刊名||NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Medicine, General & Internal|
|研究领域[WOS]||General & Internal Medicine|
|关键词[WOS]||PRIOR MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION ; IMPAIRED FASTING GLUCOSE ; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE ; RISK-FACTORS ; LIFE-STYLE ; ADULT-POPULATION ; MELLITUS ; EDUCATION ; OBESITY ; ASIA|
Because of the rapid change in lifestyle in China, there is concern that diabetes may become epidemic. We conducted a national study from June 2007 through May 2008 to estimate the prevalence of diabetes among Chinese adults.
A nationally representative sample of 46,239 adults, 20 years of age or older, from 14 provinces and municipalities participated in the study. After an overnight fast, participants underwent an oral glucose-tolerance test, and fasting and 2-hour glucose levels were measured to identify undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes (i.e., impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance). Previously diagnosed diabetes was determined on the basis of self-report.
The age-standardized prevalences of total diabetes ( which included both previously diagnosed diabetes and previously undiagnosed diabetes) and prediabetes were 9.7% (10.6% among men and 8.8% among women) and 15.5% (16.1% among men and 14.9% among women), respectively, accounting for 92.4 million adults with diabetes (50.2 million men and 42.2 million women) and 148.2 million adults with prediabetes (76.1 million men and 72.1 million women). The prevalence of diabetes increased with increasing age (3.2%, 11.5%, and 20.4% among persons who were 20 to 39, 40 to 59, and >= 60 years of age, respectively) and with increasing weight (4.5%, 7.6%, 12.8%, and 18.5% among persons with a body-mass index [ the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters] of <18.5, 18.5 to 24.9, 25.0 to 29.9, and >= 30.0, respectively). The prevalence of diabetes was higher among urban residents than among rural residents (11.4% vs. 8.2%). The prevalence of isolated impaired glucose tolerance was higher than that of isolated impaired fasting glucose (11.0% vs. 3.2% among men and 10.9% vs. 2.2% among women).
These results indicate that diabetes has become a major public health problem in China and that strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of diabetes are needed.
|作者单位||1.Fujian Prov Hosp, Fuzhou, Fujiang, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Henan Prov Peoples Hosp, Zhengzhou, Henan, Peoples R China
4.Xiangya Second Hosp, Changsha, Hunan, Peoples R China
5.Peking Univ, Peoples Hosp, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
6.Shanxi Prov Peoples Hosp, Taiyuan, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
7.China Japan Friendship Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Peoples Liberat Army Gen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
9.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Hosp 3, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
10.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Affiliated Peoples Hosp 6, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
11.Chinese Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Liaoling, Peoples R China
12.Sichuan Univ, W China Hosp, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China
13.Fourth Mil Med Univ, Xijing Hosp, Xian 710032, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
14.Nanjing Univ, Sch Med, Affiliated Drum Tower Hosp, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
15.Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Reg Hosp, Urumqi, Xinjiang, Peoples R China
16.Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China
17.Harbin Med Coll, Affiliated Hosp 2, Harbin, Heilongjiang, Peoples R China
18.Peking Union Med Coll, Beijing 100021, Peoples R China
19.Tulane Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Trop Med, New Orleans, LA USA
|Yang, Wenying,Lu, Juming,Weng, Jianping,et al. Prevalence of Diabetes among Men and Women in China[J]. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE,2010,362(12):1090-1101.|
|APA||Yang, Wenying.,Lu, Juming.,Weng, Jianping.,Jia, Weiping.,Ji, Linong.,...&China Natl Diabet Metab Disorders.(2010).Prevalence of Diabetes among Men and Women in China.NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE,362(12),1090-1101.|
|MLA||Yang, Wenying,et al."Prevalence of Diabetes among Men and Women in China".NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE 362.12(2010):1090-1101.|