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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
Prevalence of Diabetes among Men and Women in China
作者: Yang, Wenying1; Lu, Juming2; Weng, Jianping3; Jia, Weiping4; Ji, Linong5; Xiao, Jianzhong1; Shan, Zhongyan6; Liu, Jie7; Tian, Haoming8; Ji, Qiuhe9; Zhu, Dalong10; Ge, Jiapu11; Lin, Lixiang12; Chen, Li13; Guo, Xiaohui14; Zhao, Zhigang15; Li, Qiang16; Zhou, Zhiguang17; Shan, Guangliang18; He, Jiang19; China Natl Diabet Metab Disorders1
刊名: NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
发表日期: 2010-03-25
卷: 362, 期:12, 页:1090-1101
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Medicine, General & Internal
研究领域[WOS]: General & Internal Medicine
关键词[WOS]: PRIOR MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION ; IMPAIRED FASTING GLUCOSE ; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE ; RISK-FACTORS ; LIFE-STYLE ; ADULT-POPULATION ; MELLITUS ; EDUCATION ; OBESITY ; ASIA
英文摘要:

BACKGROUND

Because of the rapid change in lifestyle in China, there is concern that diabetes may become epidemic. We conducted a national study from June 2007 through May 2008 to estimate the prevalence of diabetes among Chinese adults.

METHODS

A nationally representative sample of 46,239 adults, 20 years of age or older, from 14 provinces and municipalities participated in the study. After an overnight fast, participants underwent an oral glucose-tolerance test, and fasting and 2-hour glucose levels were measured to identify undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes (i.e., impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance). Previously diagnosed diabetes was determined on the basis of self-report.

RESULTS

The age-standardized prevalences of total diabetes ( which included both previously diagnosed diabetes and previously undiagnosed diabetes) and prediabetes were 9.7% (10.6% among men and 8.8% among women) and 15.5% (16.1% among men and 14.9% among women), respectively, accounting for 92.4 million adults with diabetes (50.2 million men and 42.2 million women) and 148.2 million adults with prediabetes (76.1 million men and 72.1 million women). The prevalence of diabetes increased with increasing age (3.2%, 11.5%, and 20.4% among persons who were 20 to 39, 40 to 59, and >= 60 years of age, respectively) and with increasing weight (4.5%, 7.6%, 12.8%, and 18.5% among persons with a body-mass index [ the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters] of <18.5, 18.5 to 24.9, 25.0 to 29.9, and >= 30.0, respectively). The prevalence of diabetes was higher among urban residents than among rural residents (11.4% vs. 8.2%). The prevalence of isolated impaired glucose tolerance was higher than that of isolated impaired fasting glucose (11.0% vs. 3.2% among men and 10.9% vs. 2.2% among women).

CONCLUSIONS

These results indicate that diabetes has become a major public health problem in China and that strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of diabetes are needed.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: Chinese Medical Association Foundation ; Chinese Diabetes Society
WOS记录号: WOS:000275894600006
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/53093
Appears in Collections:北京大学第二临床医学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Fujian Prov Hosp, Fuzhou, Fujiang, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Henan Prov Peoples Hosp, Zhengzhou, Henan, Peoples R China
4.Xiangya Second Hosp, Changsha, Hunan, Peoples R China
5.Peking Univ, Peoples Hosp, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
6.Shanxi Prov Peoples Hosp, Taiyuan, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
7.China Japan Friendship Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Peoples Liberat Army Gen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
9.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Hosp 3, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
10.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Affiliated Peoples Hosp 6, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
11.Chinese Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Liaoling, Peoples R China
12.Sichuan Univ, W China Hosp, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China
13.Fourth Mil Med Univ, Xijing Hosp, Xian 710032, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
14.Nanjing Univ, Sch Med, Affiliated Drum Tower Hosp, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
15.Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Reg Hosp, Urumqi, Xinjiang, Peoples R China
16.Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China
17.Harbin Med Coll, Affiliated Hosp 2, Harbin, Heilongjiang, Peoples R China
18.Peking Union Med Coll, Beijing 100021, Peoples R China
19.Tulane Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Trop Med, New Orleans, LA USA

Recommended Citation:
Yang, Wenying,Lu, Juming,Weng, Jianping,et al. Prevalence of Diabetes among Men and Women in China[J]. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE,2010,362(12):1090-1101.
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