|Executive function in children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder 4 and 12 months after the Sichuan earthquake in China|
|Yang, Rui1,2,3; Xiang, Yu-Tao3,4; Shuai, Lan1,2; Qian, Ying1,2; Lai, Kelly Y. C.4; Ungvari, Gabor S.5,6; Chiu, Helen F. K.4; Wang, Yu-Feng1,2|
|关键词||Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Children And Adolescents Executive Function Earthquake|
|刊名||JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY|
|收录类别||SCI ; SSCI|
|WOS标题词||Social Sciences ; Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Psychology, Developmental ; Psychiatry ; Psychology|
|研究领域[WOS]||Psychology ; Psychiatry|
|关键词[WOS]||BEHAVIOR RATING INVENTORY ; NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTION ; DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS ; HOLOCAUST SURVIVORS ; SCHOOL PERFORMANCE ; TRAUMATIC EVENTS ; COMBAT VETERANS ; MEMORY FUNCTION ; PTSD ; DEFICITS|
BackgroundWhile several studies have found executive function deficits in adults and maltreated children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there are few data on executive function in children and adolescents with PTSD related to natural disasters. The objective of this study was to test executive function changes over time in children and adolescents with PTSD after a magnitude 8.0 earthquake in Sichuan, China.
MethodA sample of 34 children and adolescents with diagnosed PTSD following the Sichuan earthquake and 66 matched controls exposed to the same earthquake but without PTSD participated in the study. Executive function was assessed using a battery of interviewer-rated neuropsychological tests and the guardian-rated Behavior Rating Scale of Executive Function (BRIEF) at 4- and 12-month after the earthquake.
ResultsChildren and adolescents with PTSD performed similar to controls in executive function at 4-months after the earthquake. Both groups improved significantly in similar domains of cognition during the following 8months. The PTSD group exhibited daily deficits in emotional control compared with the controls at the 4-month assessment, but the differences disappeared during the following 8months.
ConclusionsChildren and adolescents with PTSD related to a natural disaster have deficits only in the emotional control domain of executive function compared with controls exposed to the same disaster, but even these deficits did not persist.
|项目编号||2008AA022605 ; 81000594|
|资助机构||National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) ; National Natural Sciences Foundation of China|
|作者单位||1.Peking Univ, Minist Hlth, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Capital Med Univ, Beijing Anding Hosp, Mood Disorders Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
5.Univ Notre Dame Australia, Marian Ctr, Perth, WA, Australia
6.Univ Western Australia, Sch Psychiat & Clin Neurosci, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
|Yang, Rui,Xiang, Yu-Tao,Shuai, Lan,et al. Executive function in children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder 4 and 12 months after the Sichuan earthquake in China[J]. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY,2014,55(1):31-38.|
|APA||Yang, Rui.,Xiang, Yu-Tao.,Shuai, Lan.,Qian, Ying.,Lai, Kelly Y. C..,...&Wang, Yu-Feng.(2014).Executive function in children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder 4 and 12 months after the Sichuan earthquake in China.JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY,55(1),31-38.|
|MLA||Yang, Rui,et al."Executive function in children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder 4 and 12 months after the Sichuan earthquake in China".JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY 55.1(2014):31-38.|