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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Blood lead levels in children, China
作者: Wang, SQ; Zhang, JL
关键词: lead ; blood ; lead poisoning ; children ; review ; systematic
刊名: ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
发表日期: 2006-07-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2005.11.007
卷: 101, 期:3, 页:412-418
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Review
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: NATIONAL-HEALTH ; RISK-FACTORS
英文摘要:

To evaluate Chinese children′s blood lead levels (BLLs) and identify its distribution features, we collected articles on children′s BLLs published from 1994 to March 2004 using the Chinese Biomedical Disc and reviewed 32 articles eligible for the following criteria: (1) BLLs measured by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy or Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry; (2) strict quality control; (3) no lead pollution sources in the areas where the screened subjects live; and (4) sample size bigger than 100. We found that mean BLLs of Chinese children was 92.9 mu g/L (37.2-254.2 mu g/L), and 33.8% (9.6-80.5%) of the subjects had BLLs higher than 100 mu g/L. Nine of the 27 provinces or cities reported had average BLLs >= 100 mu g/L. Boys′ BLL was 96.4 mu g/L, significantly higher than girls′ 89.4 mu g/L (P < 0.001). BLLs of children <= 6 years increased with age. The mean BLLs of children living in industrial and urban areas were significantly higher than those of children in suburbs and rural areas. Our results suggested that children′s BLLs in China are higher than those of their counterparts in other countries due to its heavy lead pollution. Therefore, this is of great public health importance. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000238524000017
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/53666
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth Sci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Wang, SQ,Zhang, JL. Blood lead levels in children, China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH,2006,101(3):412-418.
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