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Blood lead levels in children, China
Wang, SQ; Zhang, JL
关键词Lead Blood Lead Poisoning Children Review Systematic
刊名ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
2006-07-01
DOI10.1016/j.envres.2005.11.007
101期:3页:412-418
收录类别SCI
文章类型Review
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Environmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]NATIONAL-HEALTH ; RISK-FACTORS
英文摘要

To evaluate Chinese children′s blood lead levels (BLLs) and identify its distribution features, we collected articles on children′s BLLs published from 1994 to March 2004 using the Chinese Biomedical Disc and reviewed 32 articles eligible for the following criteria: (1) BLLs measured by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy or Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry; (2) strict quality control; (3) no lead pollution sources in the areas where the screened subjects live; and (4) sample size bigger than 100. We found that mean BLLs of Chinese children was 92.9 mu g/L (37.2-254.2 mu g/L), and 33.8% (9.6-80.5%) of the subjects had BLLs higher than 100 mu g/L. Nine of the 27 provinces or cities reported had average BLLs >= 100 mu g/L. Boys′ BLL was 96.4 mu g/L, significantly higher than girls′ 89.4 mu g/L (P < 0.001). BLLs of children <= 6 years increased with age. The mean BLLs of children living in industrial and urban areas were significantly higher than those of children in suburbs and rural areas. Our results suggested that children′s BLLs in China are higher than those of their counterparts in other countries due to its heavy lead pollution. Therefore, this is of great public health importance. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000238524000017
引用统计
被引频次:84[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/53666
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth Sci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
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Wang, SQ,Zhang, JL. Blood lead levels in children, China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH,2006,101(3):412-418.
APA Wang, SQ,&Zhang, JL.(2006).Blood lead levels in children, China.ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH,101(3),412-418.
MLA Wang, SQ,et al."Blood lead levels in children, China".ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 101.3(2006):412-418.
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