|Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Dyslipidemia among Adults in Beijing, China|
|Cai, Li2; Zhang, Lei3; Liu, Aiping1; Li, Shuping4; Wang, Peiyu1|
|关键词||Dyslipidemias Prevalence Prevention And Control Risk Factors|
|刊名||JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Peripheral Vascular Disease|
|研究领域[WOS]||Cardiovascular System & Cardiology|
|关键词[WOS]||NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY ; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY ; NATIONAL-HEALTH ; SERUM-LIPIDS ; CHOLESTEROL ; HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA ; HYPERTENSION ; POPULATION ; TRANSITION ; IMPACT|
Aim: The present study aimed to determine the up-to-date prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia, and their distribution and related influencing factors in adults in Beijing, China.
Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008, using a four-stratified cluster sampling. Data from a questionnaire, physical examination, and blood sampling were obtained from 5761 adults aged 18-79 years.
Results: The prevalence of high TC, high LDL-C, low HDL-C and TG was 12.2%, 17.9%, 12.0% and 15.1%, respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 35.4% (42.9% in men and 30.1% in women), and was similar in rural (35.3%) and urban (35.8%) areas. Dyslipidemia was associated with male gender, age, a family history of dyslipidemia, education at college or above, current smoker, overweight and obesity, intermediate and high waist circumference, hypertension and diabetes. Among all participants with dyslipidemia, 22.2% were aware of the diagnosis, 10.2% were receiving treatment, and 3.8% had dyslipidemia controlled. The proportion of those aware of their condition and those who were treated increased with age in both sexes. Of those aware of their dyslipidemia, 46.1% were on treatment, 51.0% had modified their lifestyle, and 24.5% were not receiving treatment or modifying their lifestyle.
Conclusions: The major type of dyslipidemia in Beijing is high LDL-C rather than high TG. The prevalence of dyslipidemia is similarly high in rural and urban areas, with low awareness, treatment and control. A comprehensive strategy toward the prevention, screening, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia is needed to slow the epidemic of cardiovascular disease.
|作者单位||1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Social Med & Hlth Educ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Nutr & Food Hyg, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Sch Oncol, Beijing Canc Hosp & Inst, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
4.Chaoyang Dist Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Emergency Off, Beijing, Peoples R China
|Cai, Li,Zhang, Lei,Liu, Aiping,et al. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Dyslipidemia among Adults in Beijing, China[J]. JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS,2012,19(2):159-168.|
|APA||Cai, Li,Zhang, Lei,Liu, Aiping,Li, Shuping,&Wang, Peiyu.(2012).Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Dyslipidemia among Adults in Beijing, China.JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS,19(2),159-168.|
|MLA||Cai, Li,et al."Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Dyslipidemia among Adults in Beijing, China".JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS 19.2(2012):159-168.|