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学科主题: 精神卫生
题名:
DSM-IV personality disorders in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
作者: Huang, Yueqin2; Kotov, Roman3; de Girolamo, Giovanni4; Preti, Antonio5; Angermeyer, Matthias6; Benjet, Corina7; Demyttenaere, Koen8; de Graaf, Ron9; Gureje, Oye10; Karam, Aimee Nasser11,12; Lee, Sing13; Lepine, Jean Pierre14; Matschinger, Herbert15; Posada-Villa, Jose16; Suliman, Sharain17; Vilagut, Gemma18; Kessler, Ronald C.1
刊名: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
发表日期: 2009-07-01
DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.108.058552
卷: 195, 期:1, 页:46-53
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Psychiatry
研究领域[WOS]: Psychiatry
关键词[WOS]: OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER ; NATIONAL EPIDEMIOLOGIC SURVEY ; AXIS-II DISORDERS ; COMMUNITY SAMPLE ; MAJOR DEPRESSION ; LATENT STRUCTURE ; PRIMARY-CARE ; PREVALENCE ; COMORBIDITY ; ORGANIZATION
英文摘要:

Background

Little is known about the cross-national population prevalence or correlates of personality disorders.

Aims

To estimate prevalence and correlates of DSM-IV personality disorder clusters in the World Health organization World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys.

Method

International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE) screening questions in 13 countries (n = 21 162) were calibrated to masked IPDE clinical diagnoses. Prevalence and correlates were estimated using multiple imputation.

Results

Prevalence estimates are 6.1% (s.e. = 0.3) for any personality disorder and 3.6% (s.e.= 0.3), 1.5% (s.e.= 0.1) and 2.7% (s.e. = 0.2) for Clusters A, B and C respectively. Personality disorders are significantly elevated among males, the previously married (Cluster C), unemployed (Cluster C), the young (Clusters A and B) and the poorly educated. Personality disorders are highly comorbid with Axis I disorders. Impairments associated with personality disorders are only partially explained by comorbidity.

Conclusions Personality disorders are relatively common disorders that often co-occur with Axis I disorders and are associated with significant role impairments beyond those due to comorbidity.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: R01MH070884 ; R13-MH066849 ; R01-MH069864 ; R01-DA016558 ; FIRCA R03-TW006481 ; QLG5-1999-01042 ; SAINCO 2004123 ; SAF 2000-158-CE ; CIBER CB06/02/0046 ; RETICS RD06/0011 REM-TAP ; R01-MH059575 ; U01-MH60220 ; 044708
项目资助者: Bristol-Myers Squibb ; Eli Lilly Company ; GlaxoSmithKline ; Johnson &amp ; Johnson Pharmaceuticals ; Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceuticals Inc ; Pfizer Inc ; Sanofi-Aventis ; US National institute of Mental Health (NIMH) ; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation ; Pfizer Foundation ; US Public Health Service ; Fogarty International Center ; Pan American Health Organization ; Eli Lilly &amp ; Company Foundation ; Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical Inc ; European Commission ; Piedmont Region (Italy) ; Fondo de Investigacion Sanitaria, Institute de Salud Carlos III ; Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Spain ; Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain ; Institute de Salud Carlos III ; WHO (Geneva) ; Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria ; US NIMH ; National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) ; South African Department of Health and the University of Michigan ; NIMH ; NIDA ; Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) ; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation ; John W. Alden Trust
WOS记录号: WOS:000267962100009
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/55371
Appears in Collections:北京大学精神卫生研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Ctr Publ Mental Hlth, Gosing Am Wagram, Austria
2.Natl Inst Psychiat, Mexico City, DF, Mexico
3.Univ Hosp Gasthuisberg, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium
4.Netherlands Inst Mental Hlth & Addict, Utrecht, Netherlands
5.CIBERESP, IMIM, Hlth Serv Res Unit, Barcelona, Spain
6.Univ Coll Ibadan Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Ibadan, Nigeria
7.IDRAAC, Beirut, Lebanon
8.Univ Leipzig, Psychiat Clin, Leipzig, Germany
9.Cundinamarca Univ, Colegio Mayor, Bogota, Colombia
10.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
11.IRCCS Ctr S Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy
12.Univ Cagliari, Dept Psychol, I-09124 Cagliari, Italy
13.Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Care Policy, Boston, MA 02115 USA
14.SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
15.Balamand Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Clin Psychol,Fac Med, St George Hosp,Univ Med Ctr,Dept Psychiat & Clin, Beirut, Lebanon
16.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
17.Univ Paris Diderot, Hop Lariboisiere Fernand Widal, AP HP, INSERM U705,CNRS UMR 7157, Paris, France
18.Univ Stellenbosch, MRC, Anxiety Disorders Res Unit, Dept Psychiat, ZA-7600 Stellenbosch, South Africa

Recommended Citation:
Huang, Yueqin,Kotov, Roman,de Girolamo, Giovanni,et al. DSM-IV personality disorders in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys[J]. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY,2009,195(1):46-53.
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