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学科主题: 药学
题名:
Effect of critical care pharmacist′s intervention on medication errors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
作者: Wang, Tiansheng1; Benedict, Neal2; Olsen, Keith M.3; Luan, Rong1,4; Zhu, Xi4; Zhou, Ningning1; Tang, Huilin4; Yan, Yingying4; Peng, Yao1; Shi, Luwen1
关键词: Pharmaceutical care ; Pharmacist intervention ; Meta-analysis ; Intensive care unit ; Critical care ; Medication error
刊名: JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE
发表日期: 2015-10-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.06.018
卷: 30, 期:5, 页:1101-1106
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Critical Care Medicine
研究领域[WOS]: General & Internal Medicine
关键词[WOS]: ADVERSE DRUG EVENTS ; INTENSIVE-CARE ; PRESCRIBING ERRORS ; UNIT ; PARTICIPATION ; SAFETY ; ICU
英文摘要:

Pharmacists are integral members of the multidisciplinary team for critically ill patients. Multiple nonrandomized controlled studies have evaluated the outcomes of pharmacist interventions in the intensive care unit (ICU). This systematic review focuses on controlled clinical trials evaluating the effect of pharmacist intervention on medication errors (MEs) in ICU settings. Two independent reviewers searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. The inclusion criteria were nonrandomized controlled studies that evaluated the effect of pharmacist services vs no intervention on ME rates in ICU settings. Four studies were included in the meta-analysis. Results suggest that pharmacist intervention has no significant contribution to reducing general MEs, although pharmacist intervention may significantly reduce preventable adverse drug events and prescribing errors. This meta-analysis highlights the need for high-quality studies to examine the effect of the critical care pharmacist. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000360558500036
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/55769
Appears in Collections:北京大学药学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Pharm Adm & Clin Pharm, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Pharm, Dept Pharm & Therapeut, Med Ctr, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA
3.Univ Nebraska Med Ctr, Coll Pharm, Dept Pharm Practice, Omaha, NE USA
4.Peking Univ, Dept Pharm, Hosp 3, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Wang, Tiansheng,Benedict, Neal,Olsen, Keith M.,et al. Effect of critical care pharmacist′s intervention on medication errors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies[J]. JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE,2015,30(5):1101-1106.
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