|Predicting the need for blood transfusions in elderly patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures|
|Hou, Guojin; Zhou, Fang; Tian, Yun; Ji, Hongquan; Zhang, Zhishan; Guo, Yan; Lv, Yang|
|关键词||Blood Transfusion Allogeneic Hip Fractures Pertrochanteric Fractures Surgery Internal Fixation Perioperative Period The Elderly|
|刊名||INJURY-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE CARE OF THE INJURED|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Critical Care Medicine ; Emergency Medicine ; Orthopedics ; Surgery|
|研究领域[WOS]||General & Internal Medicine ; Emergency Medicine ; Orthopedics ; Surgery|
|关键词[WOS]||HIP FRACTURE ; SURGERY ; NECK ; REQUIREMENTS ; INFECTION ; TRIGGERS ; REPAIR ; ANEMIA ; FEMUR ; RISK|
Objective: The need exists for perioperative blood management measures aimed at improving patient outcomes and reducing the risks of allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT). Our study aim is to discuss an algorithm to predict the need for perioperative blood transfusion in old patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures.
Methods: We retrospectively analysed the data from 220 elderly patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures with regard to the probability of receiving an ABT within 72 h after surgery. The patients were divided into ABT and non-ABT groups. A univariate analysis was used to compare between-group differences with regard to 13 variables. A logistic regression analysis and a probability algorithm to predict the need for an ABT based on independent predictors were used.
Results: The non-ABT group included 131 patients (55 males and 76 females), with an average age of 77.2 +/- 6.8 years; the ABT group included 89 patients (29 males and 60 females), with an average age of 79.7 +/- 6.6 years. The total volume of transfused blood was 276 Units; the actual average blood transfusion was 3.1 +/- 1.47 Units. Significant between-group differences (P < 0.05) were observed with regard to age, duration of operation, haemoglobin (Hb) at admission, intra-operative blood loss, type of fracture and type of anaesthesia. The mean volume of transfused blood in the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and Gamma3 group was larger than that of the dynamic hip screw (DHS) group (P < 0.05). A logistic regression analysis revealed that patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures who were elderly (> 81 years), had lower Hb levels at admission (<= 124 g/L), longer duration of operations (t > 85 min), underwent intramedullary fixation (Gamma3 and PFNA) and had more intra-operative blood loss were more likely to need an ABT. This regression model predicted 74.1% of the transfused cases.
Conclusions: An algorithm was devised to predict and manage the need for an ABT within 72 h after surgery in patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures. A reasonable transfusion program might reduce the complications caused by anaemia and effectively avoid the risks associated with ABTs. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|作者单位||Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Dept Orthopaed Surg, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China|
|Hou, Guojin,Zhou, Fang,Tian, Yun,et al. Predicting the need for blood transfusions in elderly patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures[J]. INJURY-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE CARE OF THE INJURED,2014,45(12):1932-1937.|
|APA||Hou, Guojin.,Zhou, Fang.,Tian, Yun.,Ji, Hongquan.,Zhang, Zhishan.,...&Lv, Yang.(2014).Predicting the need for blood transfusions in elderly patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures.INJURY-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE CARE OF THE INJURED,45(12),1932-1937.|
|MLA||Hou, Guojin,et al."Predicting the need for blood transfusions in elderly patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures".INJURY-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE CARE OF THE INJURED 45.12(2014):1932-1937.|