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Urinary Prostate-Specific Antigen is Elevated in Female Patients with Cushing′s Syndrome
Wang, Tiancheng1; Wu, Yonghua1; Xiao, Wenhua2; Gao, Hongwei2; Li, Zhenrong1
关键词Female Cushing&Prime s Syndrome Prostate-specific Antigen 17-ketosteroids 17-hydroxycorticosteroids
刊名LABMEDICINE
2011-02-01
DOI10.1309/LMPH5OGGBONGG2CJ
42期:2页:102-105
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Medical Laboratory Technology
研究领域[WOS]Medical Laboratory Technology
关键词[WOS]TO-MALE TRANSSEXUALS ; KALLIKREIN CONCENTRATIONS ; WOMEN ; CANCER ; SERUM ; MARKER ; PSA ; HYPERANDROGENISM ; EXPRESSION ; DIAGNOSIS
英文摘要

Background: It has been demonstrated that the expression of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is known to not be organ or gender specific but rather a steroid hormone mediated response, and the level of PSA is elevated in the serum of women with hyperandrogenic syndromes. The urinary profile of PSA in female subjects is less clear. We investigated the expression of urinary PSA in female subjects with Cushing′s syndrome and the relationship between urinary PSA and 2 steroid hormonal metabolites, 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCS) and 17-ketosteroids (17-KS).

Methods: We classified 97 female patients into 1 of 3 groups: Group A (n=37), patients with Cushing′s syndrome (n=30), or adrenocortical hyperplasia (n=7); Group B (n=29), patients with primary hyperaldosteronism (n=18) or pheochromocytoma (n=11); and Group C (n=31), patients with non-adrenal diseases, including hypertension (n=12) and Type 2 diabetes (n=19). Patients with Cushing′s syndrome or primary hyperaldosteronism were defined by clinical symptoms and laboratory confirmation. Patients with pheochromocytoma were defined by clinical symptoms, laboratory confirmation, and computed tomography or MRI. Patients with non-adrenal diseases were defined by a serum cortisol and plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) level within normal limits. Patients taking any medications in this category were excluded. Biochemical indicators related to the steroid hormonal metabolism, such as 17-OHCS, 17-KS, PSA, and creatinine (Cre) of 24-hour urine in these subjects were measured. The 17-OHCS, 17-KS, and PSA were all adjusted for 24-hour urinary Ore.

Results: The 24-hour urinary PSA levels were significantly higher (P<0.0001) in the female patients with Cushing′s syndrome (mean +/- SE=17.52 +/- 2.10 mu g/mol Ore) than in the controls (mean +/- SE=4.65 +/- 1.23 mu g/mol Ore). Similarly, there was also a significant difference (P<0.01) between 24-hour urinary 17-KS of the female patients (mean +/- SE=7.17 +/- 0.59 mmol/mol Ore) and the controls (6.17 +/- 0.55 mmol/mol Ore). A correlation was observed between 24-hour urinary PSA level and 24-hour urinary 17-KS concentration (rs=0.720, P<0.01). In Group A, the area under the curve (AUC) value of PSA (0.853, P<0.001) was greater than that of 17-OHCS (0.811, P<0.001) and 17-KS (0.693, P<0.01), respectively. In Group B, the AUC value of PSA (0.722, P<0.01) was greater than that of 17-OHCS (0.663, P>0.01) and 17-KS (0.632, P>0.01), respectively.

Conclusions: Urinary PSA was elevated in female patients with Cushing′s syndrome. It indicates that urinary PSA may be an additional parameter for a better definition of female " patients suffering from Cushing′s syndrome.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000286486300006
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/56105
专题北京大学第三临床医学院
北京大学第三临床医学院_内分泌科
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Dept Lab Med, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Dept Endocrinol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Wang, Tiancheng,Wu, Yonghua,Xiao, Wenhua,et al. Urinary Prostate-Specific Antigen is Elevated in Female Patients with Cushing&prime;s Syndrome[J]. LABMEDICINE,2011,42(2):102-105.
APA Wang, Tiancheng,Wu, Yonghua,Xiao, Wenhua,Gao, Hongwei,&Li, Zhenrong.(2011).Urinary Prostate-Specific Antigen is Elevated in Female Patients with Cushing′s Syndrome.LABMEDICINE,42(2),102-105.
MLA Wang, Tiancheng,et al."Urinary Prostate-Specific Antigen is Elevated in Female Patients with Cushing′s Syndrome".LABMEDICINE 42.2(2011):102-105.
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