IR@PKUHSC  > 北京大学第一临床医学院  > 肾脏内科
学科主题临床医学
Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in China: Results From a National Survey
Wang, Jinwei1,2; Zhang, Luxia2; Wang, Fang1,2; Liu, Lisheng3; Wang, Haiyan1,2; China Natl Survey Chronic Kidney D
关键词Blood Pressure China Epidemiology Hypertension Prevalence
刊名AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION
2014-11-01
DOI10.1093/ajh/hpu053
27期:11页:1355-1361
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Peripheral Vascular Disease
研究领域[WOS]Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]RISK-FACTORS ; NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES ; HEALTH ; ADULTS ; POPULATION ; EPIDEMIOLOGY ; NUTRITION ; TRENDS ; IV
英文摘要

Hypertension is one of the major risk factor for cardiovascular disease worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China.

A multistage, stratified sampling method was used to obtain a representative sample of persons aged 18 years or older in the general population of China. Blood pressure (BP) was measured by sphygmomanometer 3 times at 5-minute intervals. Hypertension was defined as a systolic BP a parts per thousand yen 140mm Hg, or diastolic BP a parts per thousand yen 90mm Hg, or self-reported use of antihypertensive medications in the last 2 weeks irrespective of the BP.

Altogether 50,171 subjects finished the survey across the entire country. The adjusted prevalence of hypertension was 29.6% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 28.9%-30.4%) and was higher among men than among women (31.2%, 95% CI = 30.1%-32.4%; vs. 28.0%, 95% CI = 27.0%-29.0%). The awareness, treatment among all hypertensive participants, control among all hypertensive participants, and control among treated hypertensive participants were 42.6%, 34.1%, 9.3%, and 27.4%, respectively. Multiple lifestyle factors were independently associated with presence of hypertension, including physical inactivity, habitual drinking, chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, high body mass index, and central obesity.

Hypertension is an important public health burden in China, and control of hypertension is still suboptimal. Several modifiable lifestyle activities were associated with hypertension and thus should be considered potential targets for intervention, with special attention to socioeconomically disadvantaged subpopulations in China.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000344601100005
项目编号2007BAI04B10 ; 201002010 ; 2011BAI10B01 ; D131100004713007 ; BMU2009131 ; 2009-Z-SQ01
资助机构Ministry of Science and Technology of the People&prime ; s Republic of China ; National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People&prime ; s Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology ; Beijing Science and Technology Committee ; Ministry of Education of the People&prime ; s Republic of China ; Beijing Municipal Health Bureau ; International Society of Nephrology Research Committee ; China Health and Medical Development Foundation
引用统计
被引频次:111[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/56679
专题北京大学第一临床医学院_肾脏内科
作者单位1.Beijing Hypertens League Inst, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Dept Med, Div Renal, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Inst Nephrol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Wang, Jinwei,Zhang, Luxia,Wang, Fang,et al. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in China: Results From a National Survey[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,2014,27(11):1355-1361.
APA Wang, Jinwei,Zhang, Luxia,Wang, Fang,Liu, Lisheng,Wang, Haiyan,&China Natl Survey Chronic Kidney D.(2014).Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in China: Results From a National Survey.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,27(11),1355-1361.
MLA Wang, Jinwei,et al."Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in China: Results From a National Survey".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION 27.11(2014):1355-1361.
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