|Depression in college: depressive symptoms and personality factors in Beijing and Hong Kong college freshmen|
|Song, Yuqing1,2; Huang, Yueqin2; Liu, Dan3; Kwan, Johnny. S. H.1; Zhang, Fuquan4; Sham, Pak C.1; Tang, Siu Wa1,5|
|收录类别||SCI ; SSCI|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|关键词[WOS]||NATIONAL COMORBIDITY SURVEY ; DSM-IV DISORDERS ; MAJOR DEPRESSION ; SELF-ESTEEM ; LIFETIME PREVALENCE ; COMMUNITY SAMPLE ; PERFECTIONISM ; VULNERABILITY ; NEUROTICISM ; DIMENSIONS|
Objectives: The present study investigated the 2-week prevalence of depressive symptoms in college freshmen from Beijing and Hong Kong. The relationship between depression and 3 personality factors in these college freshmen was analyzed.
Method: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Eysenck personality Questionnaire-Neuroticism, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale were administered to 988 Beijing and 802 Hong Kong Chinese college freshmen.
Results: Approximately 24.8%, of freshmen in Beijing had scores oil the CES-D exceeding 16, whereas 8.9%, reported scores of 25 or higher. There was no sex difference in prevalence in Beijing. Approximately 43.9% of freshmen in Hong Kong had scores oil the CES-D exceeding 16. whereas 17.6% reported scores of 25 or higher. The prevalence is significantly different between sexes in Hong Kong, with approximately 36.1% of men having scores of 16 or higher and 13.4% having scores of 25 or higher and approximately 50.7% of women having scores of 16 or higher and 21.3% having scores of 25 or higher. Higher neuroticism, concern over mistakes, doubts about action, low self esteem, and poor organization were associated with current depressive in both sites.
Conclusion: The higher prevalence of current depressive symptoms in college freshmen in Hong Kong suggests that their mental health is not as satisfactory as that of their counterparts ill Beijing. The strong relationship between certain personality features and current depressive symptoms is similar in both regions. personality differences in the 2 sites explain only part, but not all, of the difference in depressive symptoms between the 2 sites. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|作者单位||1.Univ Hong Kong, Fac Med, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Tsinghua Univ, Yuquan Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Psychiat, Irvine, CA 92717 USA
|Song, Yuqing,Huang, Yueqin,Liu, Dan,et al. Depression in college: depressive symptoms and personality factors in Beijing and Hong Kong college freshmen[J]. COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY,2008,49(5):496-502.|
|APA||Song, Yuqing.,Huang, Yueqin.,Liu, Dan.,Kwan, Johnny. S. H..,Zhang, Fuquan.,...&Tang, Siu Wa.(2008).Depression in college: depressive symptoms and personality factors in Beijing and Hong Kong college freshmen.COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY,49(5),496-502.|
|MLA||Song, Yuqing,et al."Depression in college: depressive symptoms and personality factors in Beijing and Hong Kong college freshmen".COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY 49.5(2008):496-502.|