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Drug use and HIV/AIDS in China
Liu, ZM; Lian, Z; Zhao, CZ
刊名DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW
2006-03-01
DOI10.1080/09595230500538835
25期:2页:173-175
收录类别SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Substance Abuse
研究领域[WOS]Substance Abuse
英文摘要

The cumulative number of registered drug users in mainland China increased from 70 000 in 1990 to 1.14 million in 2004. Heroin continues to be the most commonly used drug in China; however, polydrug use is popular among heroin users. Sedatives/hypnotics (e.g. triazolam) and other uncontrolled prescription opioids (e.g. pethidine and tramadol) are used commonly in combination with heroin. The majority of drug users (79%) are young people aged between 17 and 35 years and comprise predominantly farmers (30%) and unemployed people (45%). The HIV/AIDS epidemic in China has reached expansion phase (1995 - present). It is estimated that the actual number of HIV/AIDS cases reached 840 000, including 80 000 actual AIDS patients, in 2003, with injecting drug users (IDUs) making up the largest proportion of these cases. Although the prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS is only 0.065% in the Chinese population overall, there is potential for an explosive spread of HIV/AIDS if preventative measures are not employed. Supported by the Chinese government and other related international organisations, harm reduction strategies such as methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and needle-syringe programmes (NSP) have commenced implementation to reduce the risk of HIV infection among heroin users.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000238082200011
引用统计
被引频次:41[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/56945
专题中国药物依赖性研究所
作者单位Peking Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Liu, ZM,Lian, Z,Zhao, CZ. Drug use and HIV/AIDS in China[J]. DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW,2006,25(2):173-175.
APA Liu, ZM,Lian, Z,&Zhao, CZ.(2006).Drug use and HIV/AIDS in China.DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW,25(2),173-175.
MLA Liu, ZM,et al."Drug use and HIV/AIDS in China".DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW 25.2(2006):173-175.
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