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学科主题: 药物依赖
题名:
Drug use and HIV/AIDS in China
作者: Liu, ZM; Lian, Z; Zhao, CZ
刊名: DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW
发表日期: 2006-03-01
DOI: 10.1080/09595230500538835
卷: 25, 期:2, 页:173-175
收录类别: SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Substance Abuse
研究领域[WOS]: Substance Abuse
英文摘要:

The cumulative number of registered drug users in mainland China increased from 70 000 in 1990 to 1.14 million in 2004. Heroin continues to be the most commonly used drug in China; however, polydrug use is popular among heroin users. Sedatives/hypnotics (e.g. triazolam) and other uncontrolled prescription opioids (e.g. pethidine and tramadol) are used commonly in combination with heroin. The majority of drug users (79%) are young people aged between 17 and 35 years and comprise predominantly farmers (30%) and unemployed people (45%). The HIV/AIDS epidemic in China has reached expansion phase (1995 - present). It is estimated that the actual number of HIV/AIDS cases reached 840 000, including 80 000 actual AIDS patients, in 2003, with injecting drug users (IDUs) making up the largest proportion of these cases. Although the prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS is only 0.065% in the Chinese population overall, there is potential for an explosive spread of HIV/AIDS if preventative measures are not employed. Supported by the Chinese government and other related international organisations, harm reduction strategies such as methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and needle-syringe programmes (NSP) have commenced implementation to reduce the risk of HIV infection among heroin users.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000238082200011
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/56945
Appears in Collections:中国药物依赖性研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: Peking Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Liu, ZM,Lian, Z,Zhao, CZ. Drug use and HIV/AIDS in China[J]. DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW,2006,25(2):173-175.
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