|Increasing trend of prevalence of infertility in Beijing|
|Zhang Hongxia1; Wang Shuyu1; Zhang Songwen1; Wang Tao2; Deng Xiaohong1|
|关键词||Infertility Prevalence Epidemiology|
|刊名||CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Medicine, General & Internal|
|研究领域[WOS]||General & Internal Medicine|
|关键词[WOS]||DISPARITIES ; POPULATION ; COUPLES ; CHINA ; IRAN|
Background Infertility is one of the most important and underappreciated reproductive health problems in developing countries. However, epidemiological data in the Chinese population are still sparse. The aim of the present study was to determine the current prevalence and prevalence trend of infertility in Beijing, and to identify the risk factors associated with infertility.
Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in Beijing in 2012. A stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 12 448 couples of whom the female partners were born between 1955 and 1985. All subjects were interviewed face to face. Infertility was defined as the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
Results Of the 12 448 couples, 12 342 (99.1%) answered the questions appropriately. The prevalence of infertility was 4.2% (3.1% as primary and 1.1% as secondary infertility). An increase in the prevalence of infertility according to the age of the female partner was found: 1.3% infertility for married females born in the 1950s and 11.4% for married females born in the 1980s. The increase was found in both urban and suburban areas. In addition, a Logistic regression showed that for the female partner, higher education levels, an older age at first marriage, adverse occupational conditions, mental labor and pre-pregnancy contraception after marriage were all significantly associated with a higher risk of infertility.
Conclusion The prevalence of infertility has increased significantly among couples in Beijing, possibly because of an interaction among multiple factors.
|作者单位||1.Capital Med Univ, Beijing Obstet & Gynecol Hosp, Dept Reprod, Beijing 100026, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
|Zhang Hongxia,Wang Shuyu,Zhang Songwen,et al. Increasing trend of prevalence of infertility in Beijing[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2014,127(4):691-695.|
|APA||Zhang Hongxia,Wang Shuyu,Zhang Songwen,Wang Tao,&Deng Xiaohong.(2014).Increasing trend of prevalence of infertility in Beijing.CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,127(4),691-695.|
|MLA||Zhang Hongxia,et al."Increasing trend of prevalence of infertility in Beijing".CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL 127.4(2014):691-695.|