学科主题临床医学
Unconventional secretion of synuclein-gamma promotes tumor cell invasion
Liu, Caiyun1; Qu, Like1; Lian, Shenyi1; Tian, Zhihua2; Zhao, Chuanke1; Meng, Lin1; Shou, Chengchao1
关键词Invasion Phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (Pi3k) Synuclein- (Sncg) Unconventional Secretion Vesicle-associated Protein
刊名FEBS JOURNAL
2014-11-01
DOI10.1111/febs.13055
281期:22页:5159-5171
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
研究领域[WOS]Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
关键词[WOS]GROWTH-FACTOR 2 ; BREAST-CANCER ; ALPHA-SYNUCLEIN ; PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE ; MEMBRANE TRAFFICKING ; MAMMALIAN-CELLS ; EXOSOME RELEASE ; PLASMA-MEMBRANE ; COLON-CANCER ; PROTEIN
英文摘要

Synuclein- (SNCG) is a chaperone protein and exists mainly in the cytoplasm. SNCG confers chemoresistance, and is a potential unfavorable biomarker for multiple types of cancer. Our previous work demonstrated that SNCG could be detected in the serum of cancer patients and the medium of cultured cancer cells, but the mechanism of SNCG secretion and its biological roles are unknown. Here, we showed that SNCG levels in the culture medium were positively correlated with cancer cell densities and the concentrations of fetal bovine serum added. SNCG secretion was unaffected by brefeldin A, an inhibitor of the classic protein transport pathway, but was antagonized by exosome inhibitor, lysosome inhibitor, ABC transporter inhibitor, and phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase inhibitor, and knockdown of Rab27a. Ultracentrifugation fractionation revealed that intracellular SNCG was present as both free and vesicle-associated forms, but that the extracellular SNCG was mainly free. The results of reciprocal coimmunoprecipitation experiments showed an interaction between SNCG and flotillin-2, a marker of exosomes and lipid rafts. Moreover, we demonstrated that SNCG, both secreted from tumor cells and exogenously added, markedly promoted cancer cell migration and invasion, but had no effect on noncancerous cells. These findings suggest that SNCG is actively secreted by cancer cells via an unconventional secretion pathway and contributes to aggressive phenotypes of cancer cells.

Structured digital abstract center dot withby(,).

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000344795900016
项目编号81272410 ; 2010CB529303
资助机构National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National 973 Program
引用统计
被引频次:4[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/57331
专题北京大学临床肿瘤学院_生化与分子生物学研究室
北京大学临床肿瘤学院_中心实验室
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Canc Hosp & Inst, Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, Key Lab Carcinogenesis & Translat Res,Minist Educ, Beijing 100142, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Canc Hosp & Inst, Cent Lab, Key Lab Carcinogenesis & Translat Res,Minist Educ, Beijing 100142, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Liu, Caiyun,Qu, Like,Lian, Shenyi,et al. Unconventional secretion of synuclein-gamma promotes tumor cell invasion[J]. FEBS JOURNAL,2014,281(22):5159-5171.
APA Liu, Caiyun.,Qu, Like.,Lian, Shenyi.,Tian, Zhihua.,Zhao, Chuanke.,...&Shou, Chengchao.(2014).Unconventional secretion of synuclein-gamma promotes tumor cell invasion.FEBS JOURNAL,281(22),5159-5171.
MLA Liu, Caiyun,et al."Unconventional secretion of synuclein-gamma promotes tumor cell invasion".FEBS JOURNAL 281.22(2014):5159-5171.
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