|Effect of statin therapy on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis|
|Hou, Wanyin1,2; Lv, Jicheng1,2; Perkovic, Vlado3; Yang, Lihong4; Zhao, Na1,2; Jardine, Meg J.3; Cass, Alan3; Zhang, Hong1,2; Wang, Haiyan1,2|
|关键词||Cardiovascular Events Statin Chronic Kidney Disease Meta-analysis|
|刊名||EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems|
|研究领域[WOS]||Cardiovascular System & Cardiology|
|关键词[WOS]||C-REACTIVE PROTEIN ; PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL ; HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS ; RANDOMIZED-TRIALS ; DIALYSIS PATIENTS ; NATIONAL-HEALTH ; UNITED-STATES ; ALL-CAUSE ; ATORVASTATIN ; CHOLESTEROL|
Aims The effects of statin therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain uncertain. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of statin on major clinical outcomes.
Methods and results We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for trials published between 1970 and November 2011. We included prospective, randomized, controlled trials assessing the effects of statins on cardiovascular outcomes in people with kidney disease. Summary estimates of relative risk (RR) reductions were calculated with a random effects model. Thirty-one trials that include at least one event were identified, providing data for 48429 patients with CKD, including 6690 major cardiovascular events and 6653 deaths. Statin therapy produced a 23% RR reduction (16-30) for major cardiovascular events (P < 0.001), an 18% RR reduction (8-27) for coronary events, and 9% (1-16) reduction in cardiovascular or all-cause deaths, but had no significantly effect on stroke (21%, -12 to 44) or no clear effect on kidney failure events (5%, -1 to 10). Adverse events were not significantly increased by statins, including hepatic (RR 1.13, 95% CI 0.92-1.39) or muscular disorders (RR 1.02, 95% CI 0.95-1.09). Subgroup analysis demonstrated the relative effects of statin therapy in CKD were significantly reduced in people with advanced CKD (P < 0.001) but that the absolute risk reductions were comparable.
Conclusion Statin therapy reduces the risk of major cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease including those receiving dialysis.
|作者单位||1.Guangdong Prov Hosp Chinese Med, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China|
2.Minist Hlth China, Key Lab Renal Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Inst Nephrol, Peking Univ Hosp 1, Div Renal, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Univ Sydney, George Inst Global Hlth, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
|Hou, Wanyin,Lv, Jicheng,Perkovic, Vlado,et al. Effect of statin therapy on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis[J]. EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL,2013,34(24):1807-+.|
|APA||Hou, Wanyin.,Lv, Jicheng.,Perkovic, Vlado.,Yang, Lihong.,Zhao, Na.,...&Wang, Haiyan.(2013).Effect of statin therapy on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL,34(24),1807-+.|
|MLA||Hou, Wanyin,et al."Effect of statin therapy on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis".EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL 34.24(2013):1807-+.|