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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Trends in overweight and obesity among rural preschool children in southeast China from 1998 to 2005
作者: Lyu, Y.1,2,4; Ouyang, F.3; Ye, X. Y.4; Zhang, J.3; Lee, S. K.4; Li, Z.2
关键词: Overweight ; Obesity ; Stunting ; Preschool children ; Trends
刊名: PUBLIC HEALTH
发表日期: 2013-12-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2013.09.001
卷: 127, 期:12, 页:1082-1089
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: YOUNG-CHILDREN ; RISK-FACTORS ; CHILDHOOD OBESITY ; UNITED-STATES ; PREVALENCE ; PREVENTION ; COUNTRIES ; CITIES
英文摘要:

Objective: To examine the trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity, as well as the impact of stunting on overweight/obesity, among rural children aged <60 months in southeast China between 1998 and 2005.

Study design: Data from the population-based Child Health Care Surveillance System (CHCSS) from eight counties in southeast China were used. Overweight and obesity were defined as weight-for-height/length z score >2 and >3 standard deviations (SDs), respectively, and stunting was defined as height/length-for-age z score <-2 SD, in accordance with the 2006 World Health Organization growth standard.

Methods: A total of 550,693 clinic visit records of 280,931 children from the CHCSS, collected between 1998 and 2005, were included in the analysis. The age-and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of overweight, obesity and stunting were estimated for each year, and the trends over time were examined. The impact of stunting on overweight/obesity was determined using multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results: The prevalence of overweight increased from 3.7% in 1998 to 3.9% in 2005 (P < 0.001), but no increase in the prevalence of obesity was observed (0.5% in 1998 and 0.6% in 2005; P > 0.05). The prevalence of obesity increased significantly in 2005 compared with 1998 among boys aged >= 24 months, but was similar between 1998 and 2005 for girls aged >= 12 months. The prevalence of stunting decreased from 3.9% in 1998 to 1.6% in 2005 (P < 0.001). There was a positive association between stunting and overweight/obesity in both 1998 and 2005, although the association was attenuated in 2005.

Conclusion: There was a small increase in the prevalence of overweight among rural preschool children in southeast China from 1998 to 2005. The prevalence of obesity remained stable. However, the prevalence of stunting decreased and its positive influence on overweight/obesity was weaker in 2005. (C) 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 2012A003034000017 ; 81273091 ; 81102139 ; 12PJD026
项目资助者: Beijing Outstanding Talents Training Project grant ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Shanghai Pujiang Program grant
WOS记录号: WOS:000328636700005
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/57575
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Capital Inst Paediat, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Sci Ctr, Beijing 100020, Peoples R China
3.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, MOE Shanghai Key Lab Childrens Environm Hlth, Xinhua Hosp, Sch Med, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
4.Univ Toronto, Mt Sinai Hosp, Maternal Infant Care Res Ctr, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada

Recommended Citation:
Lyu, Y.,Ouyang, F.,Ye, X. Y.,et al. Trends in overweight and obesity among rural preschool children in southeast China from 1998 to 2005[J]. PUBLIC HEALTH,2013,127(12):1082-1089.
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