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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
Early vocabulary development in Mandarin (Putonghua) and Cantonese
作者: Tardif, Twila1; Fletcher, Paul2; Liang, Weilan3; Kaciroti, Niko
刊名: JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE
发表日期: 2009-11-01
DOI: 10.1017/S0305000908009185
卷: 36, 期:5, 页:1115-1144
收录类别: SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Social Sciences
类目[WOS]: Psychology, Developmental ; Linguistics ; Psychology, Experimental
研究领域[WOS]: Psychology ; Linguistics
关键词[WOS]: EARLY LEXICAL DEVELOPMENT ; LANGUAGE-DEVELOPMENT ; YOUNG-CHILDREN ; ENGLISH ; PROBABILITY ; SPANISH ; HEBREW ; GENDER ; NOUNS ; VERBS
英文摘要:

Parent report instruments adapted from the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI) examined vocabulary development in children aged 0;8 to 2;6 for two Chinese languages, Mandarin (n=1694) and Cantonese (n=1625). Parental reports Suggested higher overall scores for Mandarin- than for Cantonese-speaking children from approximately 1;4 onward. Factors relevant to the difference were only-child status, Monolingual households and caregiver education. In addition to the comparison of vocabulary scores overall, the development Of noun classifiers, grammatical function words common to the two languages, was assessed both in terms of the age and the vocabulary size at which these terms are acquired. Whereas age-based developmental trajectories again showed an advantage for Beijing children, Hong Kong children used classifiers when they had smaller vocabularies, reflecting the higher frequencies and greater precision of classifier use in adult Cantonese. The data speak to the importance of using not just age, but also vocabulary size, as a metric by which the acquisition of particular linguistic elements can be examined across languages.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000271913100008
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/57652
Appears in Collections:北京大学第一临床医学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Univ Coll Cork, Cork, Ireland
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA

Recommended Citation:
Tardif, Twila,Fletcher, Paul,Liang, Weilan,et al. Early vocabulary development in Mandarin (Putonghua) and Cantonese[J]. JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE,2009,36(5):1115-1144.
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