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Growth and Development in Chinese Pre-Schoolers with Picky Eating Behaviour: A Cross-Sectional Study
Xue, Yong1; Zhao, Ai2; Cai, Li1; Yang, Baoru1; Szeto, Ignatius M. Y.1; Ma, Defu2; Zhang, Yumei1; Wang, Peiyu1
刊名PLOS ONE
2015-04-13
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0123664
10期:4
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Multidisciplinary Sciences
研究领域[WOS]Science & Technology - Other Topics
关键词[WOS]EARLY FEEDING PROBLEMS ; YOUNG-CHILDREN ; COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT ; AFFLUENT SOCIETY ; SENSITIVE PERIOD ; FOOD NEOPHOBIA ; PATTERNS ; CHILDHOOD ; WEIGHT ; FRUIT
英文摘要

Objective

To explore the associations between picky eating behaviour and pre-schoolers′ growth and development. Corresponding potential mechanisms, such as nutrient and food subgroup intake, as well as micronutrients in the blood, will be considered.

Methods

Picky eating behaviour was present if it was reported by parents. From various areas of China, 937 healthy children of 3-7 years old were recruited using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. Children and their mothers′ socio-demographic information and children′s anthropometry, intelligence, blood samples, one 24-hour dietary intake record and food frequency questionnaire were collected. Z-scores and intelligence tests were used to evaluate growth and development (cognitive development). Multilevel models were employed to verify the associations between picky eating behaviour and growth and development.

Results

The prevalence of picky eating as reported by parents was 54% in pre-schoolers. Compared with the non-picky eaters, weight for age in picky eaters was 0.14 z-score (95% CI: -0.25, -0.02; p = 0.017) lower while no significant difference was found in intelligence (p > 0.05). Picky eating behaviour lasting over two years was associated with lower weight for age, as was nit-picking meat (the prevalence from parents′ perception was 23% in picky eaters) (p < 0.05). Picky eaters consumed fewer cereals, vegetables, and fish (p < 0.05), and had a lower dietary intake of protein, dietary fibre, iron, and zinc (p < 0.05). There were no differences in the concentrations of essential minerals in whole blood (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

Picky eating behaviour is reported by parents in half of the Chinese pre-schoolers, which is negatively associated with growth (weight for age). Lower protein and dietary fibre as well as lower iron and zinc intakes were associated with picky eating as were lower intakes of vegetables, fish and cereals.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000352845100197
资助机构China Mengniu Dairy Stock Company Ltd.
引用统计
被引频次:15[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58078
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
北京大学药学院_药剂学系
北京大学公共卫生学院_营养与食品卫生学系
北京大学公共卫生学院_公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Food Hyg, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Social Med & Hlth Educ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Xue, Yong,Zhao, Ai,Cai, Li,et al. Growth and Development in Chinese Pre-Schoolers with Picky Eating Behaviour: A Cross-Sectional Study[J]. PLOS ONE,2015,10(4).
APA Xue, Yong.,Zhao, Ai.,Cai, Li.,Yang, Baoru.,Szeto, Ignatius M. Y..,...&Wang, Peiyu.(2015).Growth and Development in Chinese Pre-Schoolers with Picky Eating Behaviour: A Cross-Sectional Study.PLOS ONE,10(4).
MLA Xue, Yong,et al."Growth and Development in Chinese Pre-Schoolers with Picky Eating Behaviour: A Cross-Sectional Study".PLOS ONE 10.4(2015).
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