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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
Smoking during pregnancy and vision difficulties in children: a systematic review
作者: Fernandes, Michelle1,2; Yang, Xiao3; Li, Jinying Y.4; Ismail, Leila Cheikh1,2
关键词: maternal smoking ; pregnancy ; visual impairments ; children
刊名: ACTA OPHTHALMOLOGICA
发表日期: 2015-05-01
DOI: 10.1111/aos.12627
卷: 93, 期:3, 页:213-223
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Review
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Ophthalmology
研究领域[WOS]: Ophthalmology
关键词[WOS]: MATERNAL CIGARETTE-SMOKING ; RISK-FACTORS ; PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN ; CHILDHOOD STRABISMUS ; PARENTAL SMOKING ; PRENATAL TOBACCO ; SECONDHAND SMOKE ; BIRTH-DEFECTS ; PREVALENCE ; EYE
英文摘要:

Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is a major public health concern. Intra-uterine exposure to maternal cigarette smoking is associated with increased risks of growth and neurodevelopmental problems during childhood and later life. Few studies have focussed on visual difficulties in children in the context of maternal smoking during pregnancy. A systematic search of online databases was carried out between February and May 2013 to examine the trend in visual outcomes in children exposed to maternal cigarette smoking during intra-uterine life. Twenty-four non-randomized studies were identified. Each study was rated for quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Most studies (n=18) reported fetal exposure to active or passive maternal cigarette smoking to be associated with an increased risk of adverse visual outcomes in children. In particular, there were higher rates of strabismus, refractive errors and retinopathy among children of women who smoked during pregnancy. These findings suggest that fetal exposure to cigarette smoke is a significant risk factor for visual problems during later life and that certain visual faculties, such as the intraocular muscles and retinal neurons, are more affected than others. The findings provide evidence in support of public health policies aimed at reducing fetal exposure to smoking by advising both women and their partners to quit smoking during pregnancy.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ; Li Ka Shing Foundation ; Li Ka Shing Scholarship from the Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford ; Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation via the INTERGROWTH-21st Project ; Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford
WOS记录号: WOS:000353053000009
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58314
Appears in Collections:北京大学深圳医院_眼科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Oxford, England
2.Univ Oxford, Green Templeton Coll, Oxford Maternal & Perinatal Hlth Inst, Oxford, England
3.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England
4.Peking Univ, Shenzhen Hosp, Dept Ophthalmol, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Fernandes, Michelle,Yang, Xiao,Li, Jinying Y.,et al. Smoking during pregnancy and vision difficulties in children: a systematic review[J]. ACTA OPHTHALMOLOGICA,2015,93(3):213-223.
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