IR@PKUHSC  > 北京大学第三临床医学院  > 急诊科
学科主题临床医学
The burden of air pollution on years of life lost in Beijing, China, 2004-08: retrospective regression analysis of daily deaths
Guo, Yuming1; Li, Shanshan1; Tian, Zhaoxing2; Pan, Xiaochuan3; Zhang, Jinliang4; Williams, Gail1
刊名BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL
2013-12-09
DOI10.1136/bmj.f7139
347
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Medicine, General & Internal
研究领域[WOS]General & Internal Medicine
关键词[WOS]EMERGENCY-ROOM VISITS ; DAILY MORTALITY ; NONLINEAR MODELS ; TIME-SERIES ; FINE ; AGE ; ASSOCIATION ; CITIES ; GENDER ; SEX
英文摘要

Objectives To better understand the burden of air pollution on deaths, we examined the effects of air pollutants on years of life lost (YLL) in Beijing, China.

Design Retrospective regression analysis using daily time series.

Setting 8 urban districts in Beijing, China.

Participants 80 515 deaths (48 802 male, 31 713 female) recorded by the Beijing death classification system during 2004-08.

Main outcome measures Associations between daily YLL and ambient air pollutants (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 mu m (PM2.5), PM10, SO2, and NO2), after adjusting for long term trends, seasonality, day of the week, and weather conditions. We also examined mortality risk related to air pollutants.

Results Mean concentrations of daily PM2.5, PM10, SO2 and NO2 were 105.1 mu g/m(3), 144.6 mu g/m(3), 48.6 mu g/m(3), and 64.2 mu g/m(3), respectively. All air pollutants had significant effects on years of life lost when we used single pollutant models. An interquartile range (IQR) increase in PM2.5, PM10, SO2, and NO2 was related to YLL increases of 15.8, 15.8, 16.2, and 15.1 years, respectively. The effects of air pollutants on YLL appeared acutely and lasted for two days (lag 0-1); these effects associated with an IQR increase in PM2.5 were greater in women than men (11.1 (95% confidence interval 4.7 to 17.5) v 4.7 (-2.9 to 12.3) YLL) and in people aged up to 65 years than those older than 65 years (12.0 (2.9 to 21) v 3.8 (-0.9 to 8.6) YLL). The mortality risk associated with an IQR increase in PM2.5 was greater for people older than 65 years (2.5% (95% confidence interval 0.6% to 4.5%) increase of mortality) than those aged up to 65 years (0.7% (-0.8% to 2.2%)).

Conclusions YLL provides a complementary measure for examining the effect of air pollutants on mortality. Increased YLL are associated with increased air pollution. This study highlights the need to reduce air pollution in Beijing, China, to protect the health of the population.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000328574400006
项目编号81172745 ; APP1030259
资助机构National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Australia National Health and Medical Research Council
引用统计
被引频次:51[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58427
专题北京大学第三临床医学院_急诊科
北京大学公共卫生学院_公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Univ Queensland, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Populat Hlth, Brisbane, Qld 4006, Australia
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Emergency Dept, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Res Inst Environm Sci, Environm Stand Inst, State Key Lab Environm Criteria & Risk Assessment, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Guo, Yuming,Li, Shanshan,Tian, Zhaoxing,et al. The burden of air pollution on years of life lost in Beijing, China, 2004-08: retrospective regression analysis of daily deaths[J]. BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL,2013,347.
APA Guo, Yuming,Li, Shanshan,Tian, Zhaoxing,Pan, Xiaochuan,Zhang, Jinliang,&Williams, Gail.(2013).The burden of air pollution on years of life lost in Beijing, China, 2004-08: retrospective regression analysis of daily deaths.BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL,347.
MLA Guo, Yuming,et al."The burden of air pollution on years of life lost in Beijing, China, 2004-08: retrospective regression analysis of daily deaths".BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 347(2013).
条目包含的文件
条目无相关文件。
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Guo, Yuming]的文章
[Li, Shanshan]的文章
[Tian, Zhaoxing]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Guo, Yuming]的文章
[Li, Shanshan]的文章
[Tian, Zhaoxing]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Guo, Yuming]的文章
[Li, Shanshan]的文章
[Tian, Zhaoxing]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。