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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Effects of Airborne Metals on Lung Function in Inner Mongolian Schoolchildren
作者: Madaniyazi, Lina1; Guo, Yuming2; Ye, Xiaofang2; Kim, Daeseon; Zhang, Yixiang3; Pan, Xiaochuan1
刊名: JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE
发表日期: 2013
DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31826ef177
卷: 55, 期:1, 页:92-98
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: PARTICULATE AIR-POLLUTION ; PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW ; OXIDATIVE STRESS ; RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS ; OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA ; PULMONARY TOXICITY ; TRANSITION-METALS ; DAILY MORTALITY ; MATTER ; HEALTH
英文摘要:

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of particles and their components on lung function. Methods: A panel study was conducted on 107 primary schoolchildren. The peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) for each subject was measured three times a day for 40 days continuously. Particulate air concentrations were measured every day. The concentrations of Pb, Ni, Fe, Mn, Cr, As, Cd, and Zn in particles were measured. Linear mixed-effect models were used to estimate the associations between particles, metal elements, and PEFR. Results: We found that the increase in particles in air was associated with a significant reduction in PEFR. Its effects lasted 2 to 5 days. Pb, Ni, Fe, Mn, and Cr in particles also reduced PEFR. As and Cd increased PEFR. Zn showed inconstant effects on PEFR. Conclusion: This study suggested that most metal components in particles have negative effects on children′s lung function.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: National Institute of Environmental Research, Korea
WOS记录号: WOS:000313389000012
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58519
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth Sci, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Queensland Univ Technol, Inst Hlth & Biomed Innovat, Sch Publ Hlth & Social Work, Brisbane, Qld 4001, Australia
3.Baotou Med Coll, Sch Publ Hlth, Baotou, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Madaniyazi, Lina,Guo, Yuming,Ye, Xiaofang,et al. Effects of Airborne Metals on Lung Function in Inner Mongolian Schoolchildren[J]. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE,2013,55(1):92-98.
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