IR@PKUHSC  > 北京大学公共卫生学院
学科主题公共卫生
Determinants of Salt-Restriction-Spoon Using Behavior in China: Application of the Health Belief Model
Chen, Juan1; Liao, Yixing1; Li, Zhuoting2; Tian, Ye3; Yang, Shuaishuai1; He, Chao4; Tu, Dahong5; Sun, Xinying1
刊名PLOS ONE
2013-12-20
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0083262
8期:12
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Multidisciplinary Sciences
研究领域[WOS]Science & Technology - Other Topics
关键词[WOS]REDUCED DIETARY-SODIUM ; HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; METAANALYSIS ; REDUCTION ; TRIALS ; ADVICE ; ADULTS
英文摘要

Background: The two-gram salt-restriction-spoons, which can be used to reduce the salt intake of people, had been handed out for free by the Chinese government to the citizens several years ago, but only a small fraction of residents use such a spoon currently. Since no studies have been conducted to investigate relevant influencing factors, this study was designed to explore the determinants of salt-restriction-spoon using behavior (SRB) in China.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Beijing, China. Altogether 269 rural residents and 244 urban residents aged over 18 were selected by convenience sampling method in 2012. Variables measured in a questionnaire designed according to the Health Belief Model (HBM) included socio-demographics, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived objective barriers, perceived subjective barriers, self-efficacy, knowledge of hypertension, cues to action, and SRB. Answers to the questionnaire were obtained from all the participants, and 24-hour urine samples were collected to determine the 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24HUNa). Path analyses were used to explore the determinants of SRB.

Results: Approximately 22.7% and 45.3% of residents used a salt-restriction-spoon everyday in the rural and urban areas, respectively. The average 24HUNa was 211.19 +/- 98.39 mmol for rural residents and 109.22 +/- 58.18 mmol for urban residents. Path analyses shown that perceived objective barriers, perceived benefits, perceived severity, knowledge and age were related to SRB and 24HUNa for both rural and urban participants, among which perceived objective barrier (beta = - 0.442 and beta = - 0.543, respectively) was the most important determinant.

Conclusion: Improvement of the current salt-restriction-spoon and education on the right usage of the salt-restriction-spoon, the severity of hypertension, and the benefit of salt reduction are necessary, especially among those who are relatively young but at risk of hypertension, those who have lower education levels, and those who live in the rural areas.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000328745100104
项目编号81102176
资助机构National Natural Science Foundation of China
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58563
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Beijing Shijitan Hosp, Community Med Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Social Med & Hlth Educ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Union Med Coll Hosp, VIP Med Serv Dept, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, China Ctr Hlth Dev Studies, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.Shun Yi Ctr Dis Prevent & Control, Dept Hlth Educ, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Chen, Juan,Liao, Yixing,Li, Zhuoting,et al. Determinants of Salt-Restriction-Spoon Using Behavior in China: Application of the Health Belief Model[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(12).
APA Chen, Juan.,Liao, Yixing.,Li, Zhuoting.,Tian, Ye.,Yang, Shuaishuai.,...&Sun, Xinying.(2013).Determinants of Salt-Restriction-Spoon Using Behavior in China: Application of the Health Belief Model.PLOS ONE,8(12).
MLA Chen, Juan,et al."Determinants of Salt-Restriction-Spoon Using Behavior in China: Application of the Health Belief Model".PLOS ONE 8.12(2013).
条目包含的文件
条目无相关文件。
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Chen, Juan]的文章
[Liao, Yixing]的文章
[Li, Zhuoting]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Chen, Juan]的文章
[Liao, Yixing]的文章
[Li, Zhuoting]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Chen, Juan]的文章
[Liao, Yixing]的文章
[Li, Zhuoting]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。