学科主题基础医学
Microsurgical anatomy of the superior orbital fissure
Shi, Xianzhong; Han, Hui; Zhao, Jing; Zhou, Changman
关键词superior orbital fissure cranial nerves superior ophthalmic vein microanatomy
刊名CLINICAL ANATOMY
2007-05-01
DOI10.1002/ca.20391
20期:4页:362-366
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Anatomy & Morphology
研究领域[WOS]Anatomy & Morphology
关键词[WOS]LATERAL APPROACH ; ANTERIOR ; LESIONS
英文摘要

The microanatomy of the superior orbital fissure (SOF) was studied in 96 sides of cadaver specimens. The SOF is a narrow bony cleft that lies at the apex of the orbit between the greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid. Through this fissure, many important structures enter the orbit from the middle cranial fossa including the third, fourth, sixth cranial nerves, and the ophthalmic branch of the fifth nerve. In addition, the superior opthalmamic vein exits the orbit to drain into the cavernous sinus via the SOF. The fissure can be divided into three anatomical regions by the annulus of Zinn (common annular tendon): the lateral, central, and inferior regions. The lateral wall of the SOF can also be divided between the upper and lower segments, and the angle between them was measured to be 144.27 degrees +/- 20.03 degrees. Defining these regions is useful in describing the course and placement of the nerves and vasculature in the SOF. Managing lesions at the orbital apex requires an extensive knowledge of the cranial base and the intracranial and extracranial relationships of the anatomical structures coursing through the SOF. The goal of this study was to describe the microanatomy of the SOF region in detail and to provide a reference for surgical procedures involving the orbital apex.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000245660100004
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被引频次:12[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
版本出版稿
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58870
专题北京大学基础医学院_解剖学与组织胚胎学系
作者单位1.Peking Univ Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Anat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Anhui Med Univ, Dept Anat, Hefei, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Shi, Xianzhong,Han, Hui,Zhao, Jing,et al. Microsurgical anatomy of the superior orbital fissure[J]. CLINICAL ANATOMY,2007,20(4):362-366.
APA Shi, Xianzhong,Han, Hui,Zhao, Jing,&Zhou, Changman.(2007).Microsurgical anatomy of the superior orbital fissure.CLINICAL ANATOMY,20(4),362-366.
MLA Shi, Xianzhong,et al."Microsurgical anatomy of the superior orbital fissure".CLINICAL ANATOMY 20.4(2007):362-366.
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