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学科主题: 基础医学
题名:
Microsurgical anatomy of the superior orbital fissure
作者: Shi, Xianzhong; Han, Hui; Zhao, Jing; Zhou, Changman
关键词: superior orbital fissure ; cranial nerves ; superior ophthalmic vein ; microanatomy
刊名: CLINICAL ANATOMY
发表日期: 2007-05-01
DOI: 10.1002/ca.20391
卷: 20, 期:4, 页:362-366
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Anatomy & Morphology
研究领域[WOS]: Anatomy & Morphology
关键词[WOS]: LATERAL APPROACH ; ANTERIOR ; LESIONS
英文摘要:

The microanatomy of the superior orbital fissure (SOF) was studied in 96 sides of cadaver specimens. The SOF is a narrow bony cleft that lies at the apex of the orbit between the greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid. Through this fissure, many important structures enter the orbit from the middle cranial fossa including the third, fourth, sixth cranial nerves, and the ophthalmic branch of the fifth nerve. In addition, the superior opthalmamic vein exits the orbit to drain into the cavernous sinus via the SOF. The fissure can be divided into three anatomical regions by the annulus of Zinn (common annular tendon): the lateral, central, and inferior regions. The lateral wall of the SOF can also be divided between the upper and lower segments, and the angle between them was measured to be 144.27 degrees +/- 20.03 degrees. Defining these regions is useful in describing the course and placement of the nerves and vasculature in the SOF. Managing lesions at the orbital apex requires an extensive knowledge of the cranial base and the intracranial and extracranial relationships of the anatomical structures coursing through the SOF. The goal of this study was to describe the microanatomy of the SOF region in detail and to provide a reference for surgical procedures involving the orbital apex.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000245660100004
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
版本: 出版稿
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58870
Appears in Collections:基础医学院_解剖学与组织胚胎学系_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Anat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Anhui Med Univ, Dept Anat, Hefei, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Shi, Xianzhong,Han, Hui,Zhao, Jing,et al. Microsurgical anatomy of the superior orbital fissure[J]. CLINICAL ANATOMY,2007,20(4):362-366.
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