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学科主题临床医学
Community-based screening for chronic kidney disease among populations older than 40 years in Beijing
Zhang, LuXia; Zuo, Li; Xu, GuoBin; Wang, Fang; Wang, Mei; Wang, ShuYu; Lv, JiCheng; Liu, LiSheng; Wang, HaiYan
关键词albuminuria China chronic kidney disease renal function screening
刊名NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION
2007-04-01
DOI10.1093/ndt/gfl763
22期:4页:1093-1099
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Transplantation ; Urology & Nephrology
研究领域[WOS]Transplantation ; Urology & Nephrology
关键词[WOS]GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION-RATE ; IMPROVING GLOBAL OUTCOMES ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; PREVALENCE ; PREVENTION ; CLASSIFICATION ; DEFINITION ; DIAGNOSIS ; EQUATION ; PROGRAM
英文摘要

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem, while data from developing countries are limited. We sought to investigate the epidemiological features of kidney damage in metropolis-residing Chinese adults (> 40 years old), and to determine the associated factors of CKD.

Methods. Two thousand three hundred and fifty-three residents in one district of Beijing were interviewed and tested for albuminuria, reduced renal function, haematuria and pyuria. The associations between demographic characteristics, health characteristics and indicators of kidney damage were examined.

Results. Albuminuria was detected in 6.2% of subjects; reduced renal function was found in 5.2% of subjects; haematuria was found in 0.8% and non-infective pyuria was found in 0.09%. Approximately, 11.3% (95% confidence interval: 10.0-12.8%) of subjects had at least one indicator of kidney damage. The awareness rate of CKD was only 7.2%. Systolic blood pressure and diabetes were independently associated with albuminuria. Age, diastolic blood pressure, hypercholesteraemia, hypertriglyceridaemia and hyperuricaemia were independently associated with reduced renal function.

Conclusions. This is the first report on the prevalence of CKD in a community-based population within a developing country, determined using protocols recommended by kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO). The prevalence of CKD in our population was close to the levels observed in developed countries, and the spectrum of CKD and associated factors were similar to developed countries. Results from this study suggest that strategies aimed at an intervention of hypertension and other metabolic disorders might prove effective in controlling the pandemic of CKD in China, as well as other developing countries.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000245353600020
引用统计
被引频次:86[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/58962
专题北京大学第一临床医学院_肾脏内科
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Div Nephrol, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Inst Nephrol, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Dept Clin Lab, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Hypertens League Inst, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhang, LuXia,Zuo, Li,Xu, GuoBin,et al. Community-based screening for chronic kidney disease among populations older than 40 years in Beijing[J]. NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION,2007,22(4):1093-1099.
APA Zhang, LuXia.,Zuo, Li.,Xu, GuoBin.,Wang, Fang.,Wang, Mei.,...&Wang, HaiYan.(2007).Community-based screening for chronic kidney disease among populations older than 40 years in Beijing.NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION,22(4),1093-1099.
MLA Zhang, LuXia,et al."Community-based screening for chronic kidney disease among populations older than 40 years in Beijing".NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION 22.4(2007):1093-1099.
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