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Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Adults in Beijing, China
Cai, Li2; Liu, Aiping1; Zhang, Lei3; Li, Shuping4; Wang, Peiyu1
关键词hypertension China prevalence awareness prevention and control
刊名CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION
2012
DOI10.3109/10641963.2011.618206
34期:1页:45-52
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Peripheral Vascular Disease
研究领域[WOS]Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION ; RISK-FACTORS ; FOLLOW-UP ; INCIDENT HYPERTENSION ; LIAONING PROVINCE ; RURAL CHINESE ; YOUNG-ADULTS ; PREHYPERTENSION ; HEALTH ; ASSOCIATION
英文摘要

Hypertension is an important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to determine the up-to-date prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, and their related influencing factors in adults in Beijing, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008. A total of 5760 adults aged 18-79 years were selected from the general population. Data from a standardized questionnaire, physical examination, and blood sample were obtained. The prevalence of hypertension was 35.5% (41.8% in men, 30.9% in women) and increased with age in both sexes. The prevalence was similarly high in urban (35.6%) and in rural (34.9%) areas. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were independently associated with hypertension. Participants with diabetes and/or dyslipidemia had higher prevalence of hypertension than their counterparts. Among hypertensive patients, 42.5% were aware of the diagnosis, 35.9% received treatment, and 11.8% had hypertension control. Awareness and treatment of hypertension were low in men, young people, and rural residents. Control of hypertension was lower in older people and those with lower educational attainment. High waist circumference (central obesity) resulted in low control of hypertension (odds ratio = 0.45). Our findings underscore the urgent need to develop a comprehensive health strategy for the prevention, detection, and control of hypertension to avert the cardiovascular disease epidemic in Beijing.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000299751000007
引用统计
被引频次:20[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/59918
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Social Med & Hlth Educ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Nutr & Food Hyg, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Sch Oncol, Beijing Canc Hosp & Inst, Dept Epidemiol, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
4.Chaoyang Dist Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Emergency Off, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Cai, Li,Liu, Aiping,Zhang, Lei,et al. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Adults in Beijing, China[J]. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION,2012,34(1):45-52.
APA Cai, Li,Liu, Aiping,Zhang, Lei,Li, Shuping,&Wang, Peiyu.(2012).Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Adults in Beijing, China.CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION,34(1),45-52.
MLA Cai, Li,et al."Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Adults in Beijing, China".CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION 34.1(2012):45-52.
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