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学科主题: 药物依赖
题名:
Epidemiological trends and the advances of treatments of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) in China
作者: Sun, Hong-Qiang1,2; Chen, Hong-Mei2; Yang, Fu-De2; Lu, Lin3; Kosten, Thomas R.4,5
刊名: AMERICAN JOURNAL ON ADDICTIONS
发表日期: 2014-05-01
DOI: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2014.12116.x
卷: 23, 期:3, 页:313-317
收录类别: SSCI
文章类型: Review
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Substance Abuse
研究领域[WOS]: Substance Abuse
关键词[WOS]: RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL ; PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL ; METHAMPHETAMINE DEPENDENCE ; DRUG-ADDICTION ; CONTINGENCY MANAGEMENT ; RISPERIDONE TREATMENT ; USE DISORDERS ; MEDICINE ; MICE ; VOLUNTEERS
英文摘要:

Background and Objectives

Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) have quickly spread and been widely abused in many parts of the world, particularly in China. This review focuses on and describes the epidemiological trends and the advances of treatments of ATS in China.

Methods

A descriptive study based on literature identified from searches of the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (1979-2013), PubMed databases, hand-picked references, and online references with emphasis on epidemiology, treatment and traditional Chinese medicine. This review covers some traditional Chinese treatments and their complementary Western approaches.

Results and Conclusions

The epidemiological trends of ATS in China have led to its being 2.2 times the rate of morphine abuse and second only to marijuana abuse. The treatment programs in China have used traditional herbal approaches as well as acupuncture, often in combination with Western medications such as fluoxetine for depression associated with ATS abuse. Other herbal treatments have reversed the cardiac arrhythmias associated with ATS intoxication, and acupuncture has been used successfully for the protracted depressive and somatic symptoms of ATS withdrawal over a period of 3 months.

Scientific Significance

These traditional Chinese treatments may be increasingly available to the world, but will remain a consistent complementary therapy for ATS in China and the Far East, where ATS has become such a prevalent problem. (Am J Addict 2014;23:313-317)

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000334420800017
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/59988
Appears in Collections:中国药物依赖性研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Michael E DeBakey Veteran Affairs Med Ctr, Houston, TX USA
2.Baylor Coll Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Houston, TX 77030 USA
3.Peking Univ, Dept Alcohol & Drug Dependence, Beijing Hui Long Guan Hosp, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.Baylor Coll Med, Dept Psychiat Neurosci & Pharmacol, Houston, TX 77030 USA

Recommended Citation:
Sun, Hong-Qiang,Chen, Hong-Mei,Yang, Fu-De,et al. Epidemiological trends and the advances of treatments of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) in China[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL ON ADDICTIONS,2014,23(3):313-317.
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